Subject/s: Science Tells the stories of the physicists, biologists, chemists, astronomers and doctors who helped to shape our world with their extraordinary breakthroughs and inventions, and outlines.
These scientists overcame significant obstacles, often simply because they were women their science and their lives were driven by personal tragedies and shaped by seismic world events. What drove these remarkable women to cure previously incurable diseases, disprove existing theories or discover new sources of energy? Some were rewarded with the Nobel Prize for their pioneering achievements - Madame Curie, twice - others were not and, even if they had, many are not household names.
Subject/s: Visual Pattern Visual Symmetry Symmetry patterns are classified according to their dimensionality. Symmetry is ubiquitous in the natural and artifactual world. Bilateral symmetry is found in biological organisms including most plants and animals are inspired by existing designs from the history of decorative art and include Egyptian, Greek, Roman, Arabic, Indian, Japanese, Chinese, and Celtic as well as more modern computer-generated shapes.
Subject/s: History How can we protect ourselves from nuclear war, ecological cataclysms and technological disruptions? What can we do about the epidemic of fake news or the threat of terrorism? What should we teach our children?
Subject/s: Biography Espionage History In 1942, the Gestapo sent out an urgent transmission: "She is the most dangerous of all Allied spies. We must find and destroy her." This spy was Virginia Hall, a young American woman--rejected from the foreign service because of her gender and her prosthetic leg--who talked her way into the spy organization deemed Churchill's "ministry of ungentlemanly warfare," and, before the United States had even entered the war, became the first woman to deploy to occupied France.
Psychological problems can bring great suffering, but they can also be the source of inspiration and energy. Because they are so common and so personal, these problems capture the interest of us all. The field devoted to the scientific study of the problems we find so fascinating is usually called abnormal psychology.
Abnormal behavior, thoughts, and emotions are those that differ markedly from a societyâs ideas about proper functioning. Each society establishes norms - stated and unstated rules for proper conduct. Behavior that breaks legal norms is considered to be criminal. Behavior, thoughts, and emotions that break norms of psychological functioning are called abnormal.
Subject/s: Internet Security This book is for anyone who is interested in deconstructing IoT devices in the market today to find security vulnerabilities. Doing so will put you in the mindset of malicious attackers who are also busy finding ways to exploit these devices to their advantage. Understanding the devious tactics employed by entities targeting the world of the IoT will give you deeper insight into the tactics and psychology of attackers, so you can learn not only how to protect yourself, but also how to help design secure IoT products.
Adding Ajax PDF: Click title to read online Powers, Shelley 2007
Subject/s: Shell Scripting Revision 6.4 of this manual, August 30, 2011. 891 pages covering special characters; quoting; variables; loops and branches; arithmetical expansion; regular expressions; here documents; aliases; arrays; zero and null; debugging. Appendixes include mini-primers to see and awk; exit codes; command-line options; sample .bashrc and .bash_profile scripts; converting DOS batch files to shell scripts.
Subject/s: Perl Programming Every programmer must keep up with the latest tools and techniques. This updated version of Advanced Perl Programming from O'Reilly gives you the essential knowledge of the modern Perl programmer. Whatever your current level of Perl expertise, this book will help you push your skills to the next level and become a more accomplished programmer.
O'Reilly's most high-level Perl tutorial to date, Advanced Perl Programming, Second Edition teaches you all the complex techniques for production-ready Perl programs. This completely updated guide clearly explains concepts such as introspection, overriding builtins, extending Perl's object-oriented model, and testing your code for greater stability.
A high school dropout and technical wizard, Snowden worked for the CIA, NSA, Defense Intelligence Agency, and recently for a private contractor (first Dell, then Booz Allen Hamilton) commissioned by the NSA, doing what has been described as cyber-counterintelligence. Once an idealistic participant in U.S. national security programs, Snowden became disillusioned by what he perceived as government excesses and abuses in its data gathering. Believing that he had no proper alternatives, Snowden fled from his carefree life in Hawaii, his well-paying job, his girlfriend, and his country, taking along four laptops with encrypted, top secret files.
In these seven previously unpublished essays, a group of prominent legal and political experts delve in to life After Snowden, examining the ramifications of the infamous leak from multiple angles.
Subject/s: Ajax Internet Programming Is Ajax a new technology, or the old stuff web developers have been using for years? Both actually. This book demonstrates not only how tried-and-true web standards make Ajax possible, but also how these older technologies can give sites a decidedly modern Web 2.0 feel.
Subject/s: Mathematics This book is designed to take the mystery out of algebra. Each section contains exactly one new idea, unlike most math books, which cover several ideas at once. Covering fundamental topics such as fractions, decimals, negative numbers, exponents and roots, the book moves on to linear equations and inequalities; quadratic equations and applications. Includes chapter reviews (with answers) and a final review (with answers).
Subject/s: Mathematics Introduction to basic algebra; linear equations; quadratic equations; rationals, radicals, and negatives; graphs and functions; polynomials; rational functions; exponential and logarithmic functions; conic sections; systems of linear equations; systems of nonlinear equations and inequalities; complex numbers; matrices; sequences and series; sets.
Subject/s: Mathematics Either as a supplement to standard texts, or a stand-alone self-teaching aid, the book covers middle and high-school levels. This book contains three major sections. Part 1 involves numbers, sets, arithmetic operations, and basic equations. Part 2 is devoted to first-degree equations, relations, functions, and systems of linear equations. Part 3 deals with quadratic, cubic, and higher-degree equations, and introduces logarithms, exponentials, and systems of nonlinear equations. Chapters include question and answer sets, and a final exam is designed to test your grasp of the concepts.
Algorithms PDF: Click title to read online Sedgewick, Robert 1983
Subject/s: Algorithms Computer Science This book is intended to survey the most important algorithms in use on computers today and to teach fundamental techniques to the growing number of people who are interested in becoming serious computer users. It is appropriate for use as a textbook for a second, third or fourth course in computer science: after students have acquired some programming skills and familiarity with computer systems, but before they have specialized courses in advanced areas of computer science or computer applications. Additionally, the book may be useful as a reference for those who already have some familiarity with the material, since it contains a number of computer implementations of useful algorithms.
Subject/s: Programming We intend this book to be used frequently by experienced programmers looking for appropriate solutions to their problems. Here you will find solutions to the problems you must overcome as a programmer every day. You will learn what decisions lead to an improved performance of key algorithms that are essential for the success of your software applications. You will find real code that can be adapted to your needs and solution methods that you can learn.
All algorithms are fully implemented with test suites that validate the correct implementation of the algorithms. The code is fully documented and available as a code repository addendum to this book. We rigorously followed a set of principles as we designed, implemented, and wrote this book. If these principles are meaningful to you, then you will find this book useful.
Subject/s: Physics The book comprises 15 short chapters, each presenting an important equation of Physics, from the simplest and oldest, to more complex and recent ones. The target audience is the interested general public, hence no mathematics is involved (beyond the simple expression of each equation).
The Law of Light Reflection; Snell-Descartes Law ... and the Principle of Least Action; The Fundamental Principle of Dynamics (Newton's Second Law); The Law of Gravitation (Newton's First Law); The Ideal Gas Law Hooke's Law; Navier-Stokes Equation; Maxwell's Equations; The Matter-Energy Equivalence; Schrödinger's Equation; Heisenberg's Uncertainty Relations; Einstein's Equations, General Relativity; Dirac's Equation; Feynman Diagrams; The Standard Model; The Limits of the Standard Model; Future Physics.
Alzheimer's Disease PDF: Click title to read online Poirer, Dr. Judes; Gauthier, Dr. Serge 2011
Subject/s: Alzheimer's Disease Neurobiology The medical profession has, for many years, tended to associate gradual memory loss with normal aging. Hence the surprising statistic that more than 50 percent of people with mild Alzheimer's disease are not diagnosed, or are diagnosed but not treated. It is important to realize that, for a long time, the large family of dementias to which Alzheimer's disease belongs, was of little or no interest to doctors, as its main symptoms were considered to be the natural consequences of aging.
Subject/s: Microbiology The prevailing scheme of biological classification refers to four groups, or kingdoms, of miniature organisms: the fungi and the protists, which are eukaryotes, and two kinds of prokaryote - whose cells lack nuclei, called bacteria and archaea. The existence of most of these species was unknown until the brilliant application of the microscope by Robert Hooke and Antonie van Leeuwenhoek in the seventeenth century.
The first amoeba wasn’t glimpsed until the next century. There is considerable futility in attempting to count and name all of the species of little things, the 'animalcules' of Hooke's era. Once we turn to the microscopic organisms, however, the definition of a species becomes more a philosophical question than a scientific one. For bacteria and archaea, especially, the species view of life is almost meaningless.
Subject/s: Chemistry Forensic Science Analytical Techniques in Forensic Science is a comprehensive guide written in accessible terms that examines the interface between analytical chemistry and trace evidence in forensic science. With contributions from noted experts on the topic, the text features a detailed introduction to analysis in forensic science and then subsequent chapters explore the laboratory techniques grouped by shared operating principles. For each technique, the authors incorporate specific theory, application to forensic analytics, interpretation, forensic specific developments, and illustrative case studies.
Subject/s: Medical Every day, innocent patients are unknowingly pitted against the power and secrecy of a healthcare system run by the hospitals, insurance companies, and, largely, doctors. Most hospital patients who were victims of preventable hospital medical errors continue to be further victimized within a system that encourages silence by the responsible parties, contributing to ignorance and complicity in a system most people mistakenly believe to be better than it is. Financially, it is in the best interest of hospitals to maintain their code of silence.
Subject/s: Evolution Written with unparalleled wit, clarity and intelligence; taking in new scientific discoveries of the past decade; and including new 'tales', illustrations and fractal diagrams, THE ANCESTOR'S TALE shows us how remarkable we are, how astonishing our history, and how intimate our relationship with the rest of the living world.
Animal Eyes PDF: Click title to read online Land, Michael F.; Nilsson, Dan-Eric 2012
Subject/s: Biology Evolution 'The eye' to most people means an eye like ours, a single-chambered camera-like structure with a retina in place of the film, or the CCD array. Most know, too, that insects have compound eyes with many lenses, but how many people can answer the question: does the insect see the multitude of images beloved of Hollywood horror films, or a single image similar to our own? We use this example to point out that, even to most biologists, eyes remote from our own are poorly understood and come in only one or two varieties.
It is our aim in this book to provide a comprehensive account of all known types of eye. We take the diversity of optical mechanisms as a framework, but many other aspects of the structure and function of eyes are also dealt with. Visual ecology - the ways that eyes are specifically adapted to the lifestyles of the animals that bear them - is another important theme.
Subject/s: Photography It is not my intention to present rules in these books, but guidelines that may serve the student in developing his abilities. It is similarly pointless for the reader to attempt to adopt a style of work from my examples. My work represents me, not "photography as it should be." It is much more important that the reader seek an understanding of the potentials of the medium, and let the issues of personal "style" and "creativity" emerge by themselves, as they inevitably will if properly nourished.
Subject/s: Photography This, the second volume of my revised series on photography, introduces a contemporary approach to the negative and considers the characteristics of modern films and processing. Throughout this series, visualization is the underlying objective; the craft and technical aspects, while important in themselves, should always be subservient to the expressive concepts of the photographer - necessary but not dominant!
Subject/s: Photography The making of a print is a unique combination of mechanical execution and creative activity. It is mechanical in the sense that the basis of the final work is determined by the content of the negative.
In printing we accept the negative as a starting point that determines much, but not all, of the character of the final image. Just as different photographers can interpret one subject in numerous ways, depending on personal vision, so might they each make varying prints from identical negatives.
Subject/s: Anthropology The study of humanity today (and for the past few million years) has created a vast storehouse of anthropological knowledge printed in millions of pages of research reports and thousands of books. Even professional anthropologists simply can't keep up with the speed and volume of published research. 150 years of anthropological discoveries has benn boiled down into a nuts-and-bolts reference describing the essentials of human evolution, both cultural and biological.
If you're taking an introductory course in Anthropology, this book can help clarify some ideas that can be pretty confusing and aren't often clearly explained, even in textbooks. A lot of technical material that may otherwise get in the way of your understanding the essential lessons of anthropology has been trimmed away. Lots of popular-science books cover some aspects of anthropology, but few if any really cover anthropology as a whole in a clear, no-nonsense way.
Subject/s: Criminal Investigation Criminology Jurisprudence Criminology is a contested, contradictory and interdisciplinary discourse marked by constant incursion, interactions, translations, deviations and transgressions. Competing theoretical perspectives meet and sometimes they are able to speak to, listen to and understand each other, at others they appear not to share any common discourse. There is, therefore, no one definition of 'Criminology' . . . but a multitude of noisy, argumentative criminological perspectives.
Subject/s: Mathematics The fundamental difference between applied mathematics and other scientific disciplines is that its principal object of study is not a tangible object. The goal of applied mathematics is to establish the connections between separate academic fields, to develop mathematical tools to analyse general classes of equations independently of their origin, and to answer scientific questions for particular classes of systems.
Subject/s: Artificial Intelligence The purpose of this book is to illuminate the field of artificial intelligence - as well as the opportunities and risks associated with it - by having a series of deep, wide-ranging conversations with some of the world’s most prominent AI research scientists and entrepreneurs. The men and women I have included here are truly the architects of machine intelligence - and, by extension, of the revolution it will soon unleash.
These were the words Charles Darwin used when, in 1862, he was confronted with the Madagascan orchid, Angraecum sesquipedale. A specimen had been sent to Darwin by James Bateman, a British naturalist and botanical illustrator who was helping Darwin with his forthcoming manuscript, "On the Various Contrivances by which British and Foreign Orchids are Fertilised by Insects" (1862). The orchid amazed Darwin, largely because it possessed "a whip-like green nectary of astonishing length." Because the flower's nectar sat at the base of a foot-long spur, Darwin could not imagine what creature might be able to pollinate it. Yet based on his decades of observation, including his experiences on his famous voyage aboard HMS Beagle (1831-1836), Darwin was able to make a logical prediction: "[I]n Madagascar there must be moths with proboscises capable of extension to a length of between ten and eleven inches!"
Subject/s: Logic This is a book about mathematical problem solving for college-level novices. By this I mean bright people who know some mathematics (ideally, at least some calculus), who enjoy mathematics, who have at least a vague notion of proof, but who have spent most of their time doing exercises rather than problems.
A good problem solver is not just more employable. Someone who learns how to solve mathematical problems enters the mainstream culture of mathematics; he or she develops great confidence and can inspire others. Best of all, problem solvers have fun; the adept problem solver knows how to play with mathematics, and understands and appreciates beautiful mathematics.
Subject/s: Programming Reference The process of preparing programs for a digital computer is especially attractive, not only because it can be economically and scientifically rewarding, but also because it can be an aesthetic experience much like composing poetry or music. This book is the first volume of a multi-volume set of books that has been designed to train the reader in various skills that go into a programmer's craft.
Subject/s: Programming Reference The algorithms discussed in this book deal directly with numbers; yet I believe they are properly called seminumerical, because they lie on the borderline between numeric and symbolic calculation. Each algorithm not only computes the desired answers to a numerical problem, it also is intended to blend well with the internal operations of a digital computer. In many cases people are not able to appreciate the full beauty of such an algorithm unless they also have some knowledge of a computer's machine language; the efficiency of the corresponding machine program is a vital factor that cannot be divorced from the algorithm itself. The problem is to find the best ways to make computers deal with numbers, and this involves tactical as well as numerical considerations. Therefore the subject matter of this book is unmistakably a part of computer science, as well as of numerical mathematics.
Subject/s: Programming Reference This book forms a natural sequel to the material on information structures in Chapter 2 of Volume 1, because it adds the concept of linearly ordered data to the other basic structural ideas. The title 'Sorting and Searching' may sound as if this book is only for those systems programmers who are concerned with the preparation of general-purpose sorting routines or applications to information retrieval. But in fact the area of sorting and searching provides an ideal framework for discussing a wide variety of important general issues.
Subject/s: Mathematics Talk of the infinite naturally belongs to that old, young, ageless conversation about number and shape which is mathematics: a conversation most of us overhear rather than partake in, put off by its haughty abstraction. Mathematics promises certainty - but at the cost, it seems, of passion. Its initiates speak of playfulness and freedom, but all we come up against in school are boredom and fear, wedged between iron rules memorized without reason. 'The Art of the Infinite' takes infinity, in its countless guises, as a touchstone for understanding mathematical thinking. Robert and Ellen Kaplan guide us through the 'Republic of Numbers', where we meet both its upstanding citizens and its more shadowy dwellers; and transport us across the plane of geometry into the unlikely realm where parallel lines meet. The journey is enriched by deft character studies of great mathematicians (and equally colorful lesser ones). And as we go deeper into infinity, we explore the most profound mystery of mathematics: Are its principles eternal truths that we discover? Or ones that we invent?
Subject/s: Knots Reference Considered 'The Bible of Knots', this book contains Ashley's compendium of knots, originally published in 1944 and since updated in 1994 by Geoffrey Budworth (International Guild of Knot Tyers).
Subject/s: Astronomy Physics With Astronomy Demystified, you ease into the subject one simple step at a time - at your own speed. Unlike most other books on the topic, general concepts are presented first - and the details follow. In order to make the learning process as clear and simple as possible, heavy-duty math, formulas, and equations are kept at a minimum.
Subject/s: Medical Reference Diabetes mellitus is increasing in incidence, prevalence, and importance as a chronic disease throughout the world. There has been an exciting explosion of knowledge about fundamental mechanisms related to diabetes. We have gained insights into the pathogenesis both of type 1 and type 2 diabetes, and with that, the prospect of implementing prevention strategies to delay or interdict the disease processes.
It is with this background that we have asked leading authorities to contribute their thoughts and images concerning various aspects of diabetes. Their input makes this Atlas possible.
Subject/s: Web Design The page has been with us for a long time now. A few millennia, actually. The first books were thick slabs of clay created about 4,000 years ago, soon replaced by scrolls as the preferred way to consume the written word. And while reading technology has come a long way - from papyrus to parchment to paperback to pixels - the concept of the page holds strong to this day.
The page metaphor has been baked into the lexicon of the web since the very beginning. Tim Berners-Lee invented the World Wide Web so that he, his colleagues at CERN, and other academics could easily share and link together their world of documents. This document-based, academic genesis of the web is why the concept of the page is so deeply ingrained in the vocabulary of the Internet.
Subject/s: Criminal Investigation Forensic Science Catalogs the sources of error and the faulty science behind a range of well-known forensic evidence, from fingerprints and firearms to forensic algorithms. Where are the studies that validate the basic premises of widely accepted techniques such as fingerprinting? How can experts testify with 100 percent certainty about a fingerprint, when there is no such thing as a 100 percent match?
AWK Manual. 1E (The) PDF: Click title to read online Close, Diane Barlow; Robbins, Arnold D.; Rubin, Paul H.; Stallman, Richard; van Oostrum, Piet 1993
Subject/s: AWK Shell Scripting If you are like many computer users, you would frequently like to make changes in various text files wherever certain patterns appear, or extract data from parts of certain lines while discarding the rest. To write a program to do this in a language such as C or Pascal is a time-consuming inconvenience that may take many lines of code.
This manual teaches you what awk does and how you can use awk effectively. You should already be familiar with basic system commands such as ls.
This manual has the difficult task of being both tutorial and reference. If you are a novice, feel free to skip over details that seem too complex. You should also ignore the many cross references; they are for the expert user, and for the on-line Info version of the manual.
Subject/s: Music Reasons for the inclusion of music and music education in one's life has nothing to do with larger brains, better social skills, or better math skills, even if these benefits actually exist. Advocates often point to extra-musical benefits in an effort to justify the inclusion of music in the curriculum. Some of these claims have been supported by quality research, and some have not. For example, researchers at McGill University in Canada found that kids who take piano lessons showed improved general and spatial cognitive development.
Bayes' Rule PDF: Click title to read online Stone, James V. 2013
Subject/s: Mathematics Probability History and development of this mathematical process, independently discovered by Thomas Bayes and Pierre-Simon Laplace. It was used by Alan Turing in solving the Enigma encryption code during the Second World War. Bayesian inference is not guaranteed to provide the correct answer. Instead, it provides the probability that each of a number of alternative answers is true, and these can then be used to find the answer that is most probably true. MatLab and Python code is available for download.
Subject/s: Biology Evolution Rosemary and Peter Grant and those assisting them have spent 20 years on Daphne Major, an island in the Galapagos, studying natural selection. They recognize each individual bird on the island, when there are 400 at the time of the author's visit or when there are over a thousand. They have observed about 20 generations of finches - continuously. Jonathan Weiner follows these scientists as they watch Darwin's finches and come up with a new understanding of life itself.
Subject/s: Mathematics The idea for this book arose out of an introductory mathematics course, 'Mathematics in the Real World', that the authors co-designed and have taught at Yale and Stanford. The purpose of the course is to familiarize students, whose primary interests lie outside of the sciences, with the power and beauty of mathematics. We discuss specific and relevant real-life examples: population growth models, logarithmic scales, personal finance, motion with constant speed or constant acceleration, computer security, elements of probability, and statistics. Our goal is to combine the right level of difficulty, pace of exposition, and scope of applications for a curious liberal arts college student to study and enjoy.
Subject/s: Geology Glaciers Through geologic time and the pulsing of global climate cycles, Canadians have by some wonderful cosmic accident inherited a great deal of freshwater: currently, within our borders, about 20 per cent of that known to exist in the world.
This book is about glaciers and time, about glaciers and water, and about glaciers and change. It is about the ecological and environmental importance of glaciers in the context of climate change and the future of our collective landscapes and ecosystems.
Subject/s: Database Setting up a database even for a small problem can be a big job (if you do it properly). This book is primarily for beginners or those people who want to set up a small, single-user database. The ideas are applicable to larger, multiuser projects, but there are considerable additional problems that you will encounter there. We do not look at problems to do with concurrency (many users acting together), nor efficiencies, nor how you manage a large project. There are many excellent books on software engineering and database management that deal with these issues.
The main objective of this book is to ensure that the people starting out on setting up a database have a sufficient understanding of the underlying data so that any effort expended on actual implementation will yield satisfying results. Even small problems are more complicated than they appear at first sight. A data model will help you understand the intricacies of the problem so that some pragmatic decisions can be made about what should be attempted. Once you have a data model that you are happy with, you can be confident that the resulting database design (if implemented faithfully) will not disappoint. It may be that after doing the modeling you decide a database is not the appropriate solution. Better to decide this early than after hours of effort have gone into a doomed implementation.
Subject/s: Linux Ubuntu Ubuntu is a lot of things: an operating system, a software ecosystem, a development platform, a home computer solution, a server foundation, a cloud computing paradigm, a stunning new phone, and a community. Ubuntu and its community of developers, contributors, and enthusiasts help to make Ubuntu a first-class experience no matter where you find it.
In this book, we're looking at Ubuntu as an amazing desktop operating system. I'll nod at other possibilities here and there, but this book will help you feel at home with Ubuntu and get things done, whether you want to create business documents, relax with music or a movie, play some games, or just look at pictures of cats on the Internet. And yes, you can even run phone and server applications, right on your everyday computer.
The first thing to know is that Ubuntu is built around an operating system kernel called Linux. The kernel is the program that is responsible for coordinating all of a computer's hardware and software. It manages hardware driver support, schedules how applications run and cooperate together and communicate with hardware, and takes care of a lot of behind-the-scenes details that we don't generally worry about when it comes to using a computer.
Subject/s: Neurobiology Neuroscience Hundreds of new papers are cited in this edition. If that sounds like a lot, let us give you a perspective on how many new papers were omitted. On our newsfeed site (www. biopsychology.com/news/), 1,299 new links were added in 2018 alone. Those are just the findings that were important enough to get the attention of mass media reporters. As we note in Chapter 1, over 40,000 new articles indexed under "neuroscience" appeared that year in PubMed.
Subject/s: Biology Database Bioinformatics is about searching biological databases, comparing sequences, looking at protein structures, and (more generally) asking biological and biomedical questions with a computer. The bioinformatics we show you in this book can save you months of work in the lab at the minute cost of a few hours' work with your computer. The purpose of this book is to show you quickly and plainly how to use the bioinformatics programs that you need to get your work done.
Subject/s: Biology Chemistry The emission of light from animals and plants has inspired the curiosity and interest of mankind ever since the ancient times of Aristotle (384-322 B.C.) and Pliny (A.D. 23-79). Today, bioluminescence reactions are used as indispensable analytical tools in various fields of science and technology. For example, the firefly bioluminescence system is universally used as a method of measuring ATP (adenosine triphosphate), a vital substance in living cells. Bioluminescence still has many mysteries, which may yield many further insights into nature and science.
This book is devoted to the progress in the chemical understanding of bioluminescence, particularly the mechanisms involved in the light-emitting reactions.
Many people purchase birds for their status, for their beauty, for their song, or even for how well they match the furniture! But no one wins when someone picks a pet for the wrong reasons or has odd ideas about what it takes to properly care for a new family member.
This book has everything you need in order not to end up in that group of uneducated bird owners. Whether you already have a bird or you're thinking about getting one, this book is your guide to caring for your bird for years to come!
Subject/s: Blockchain Mathematics Programming The blockchain has received a lot of attention in the public discussion and in the media. Some enthusiasts claim that the blockchain is the biggest invention since the emergence of the Internet. Hence, a lot of books and articles have been written in the past few years about the blockchain. This book fills the gap that exists between purely technical books about the blockchain, on the one hand, and the literature that is mostly concerned with specific applications or discussions about its expected economic impact or visions about its future, on the other hand.
Subject/s: Business For us, as business scholars, the world we aspired to help advance wasn't one defined by competing and dividing up markets or the globe, where one's gain comes at the expense of others. Competition exists, and win-lose scenarios abound, but they weren't what captured our imaginations, nor what we believed our world needed more of.
What we admired, what inspired us, were the organizations and individuals that went beyond competing to create new frontiers of opportunity, growth, and jobs, where success was not about dividing up an existing, often shrinking pie, but about creating a larger economic pie for all - what we refer to as blue oceans. Blue oceans are less about disruption and more about nondisruptive creation, where one's gain doesn't have to come at the expense of others.
Subject/s: Business The overriding focus of strategic thinking has been on competition-based red ocean strategies. Part of the explanation for this is that corporate strategy is heavily influenced by its roots in military strategy.
Unlike war, however, the history of industry shows us that the market universe has never been constant; rather, blue oceans have continuously been created over time. To focus on the red ocean is therefore to accept the key constraining factors of war-limited terrain and the need to beat an enemy to succeed - and to deny the distinctive strength of the business world: the capacity to create new market space that is uncontested.
Subject/s: Biology Entomology Insects Reference Beetles are an exceptionally diverse group of organisms that impact our agriculture, forestry, culture, and science. This book offers a glimpse of this incredible diversity through an overview of 600 beetle species presented within a framework based on their evolutionary relationships. The selected species are divided into four main sections which represent the four Coleoptera suborders.
Subject/s: Biology Leaves Reference Trees Leaves are a true miracle of nature. The leaf selection introduced here is limited to the temperate zone, that Era (starting about 65 million years ago) to the present. 'The Book of Leaves' thus covers a large segment of the trees that can be observed in forests, or in arboreta, throughout the temperate world.
Subject/s: Internet Technology Neuroscience A standard way to think about education: information and knowledge is deposited in student minds, ready to be recalled upon demand. (It is the underlying logic of standardized testing.)
Teachers understand the implications: if such answers, if such information is so readily available on the Internet and if students have easy access to that Internet through a laptop or some other portable device, perhaps the 'deposit' model of teaching and educational assessment needs to be reexamined.
Subject/s: Probability Reference Statistics This volume presents a multifaceted view of statistics and probability. Through the eyes of the discoverers we find the thrilling aspects of mathematical applications that changed the lives of the innovators themselves, as well as the world at large. The technology that speeds us through our modern age of discovery has depended upon statistical knowledge and probability theory for guidance.
Subject/s: Dictionary English Language Reference The physicist Richard Feynman once remarked that every time a colleague from the humanities department complained that his students couldn't spell a common word like seize or accommodate, Feynman wanted to reply, 'Then there must be something wrong with the way you spell it.'
English is a merry confusion of quirks and irregularities that often seem willfully at odds with logic and common sense. This is a language where cleave can mean to cut in half or to hold two halves together; where the simple word set has 126 meanings as a verb, 58 as a noun, and 10 as a participial adjective; where if you run fast you are moving swiftly, but if you are stuck fast you are not moving at all; where colonel, freight, once, and ache, among many thousands of others, have pronunciations that are strikingly at odds with their spellings; where some Latin plurals are treated always as singular (agenda) and some are treated always as plural (criteria) and some (data, media) are regarded by some careful users as plural and by others as singular.
Subject/s: Biology Insects Reference An identification guide. The value of bumble bees as pollinators of wild and cultivated plants is increasingly appreciated. Each year more than a million commercially produced bumble bee colonies are sold around the world. North American bumble bees have been the subject of numerous regional guides, but the only comprehensive revision was by Henry J. Franklin in 1913. There are nearly 20,000 species of bees worldwide, of which just 250 belong to the genus Bombus, or bumble bees.
Subject/s: Biology Entomology Insects Insects comprise roughly half of the animal kingdom. They live everywhere - deep inside caves, 18,000 feet high in the Himalayas, inside computers, in Yellowstone's hot springs, and in the ears and nostrils of much larger creatures. There are insects that have ears on their knees, eyes on their penises, and tongues under their feet. Most of us think life would be better without bugs. In fact, life would be impossible without them.
Subject/s: Programming The de-facto standard C programming reference. ANSI C compliant programming.
Calculus PDF: Click title to read online Tarasov, Lev 1988
Subject/s: Calculus Mathematics A general review covering equations, functions, and graphs; limits; derivatives; integrals and antiderivatives; word problems; applications of integrals to geomtry; and more. Includes worked-out examples and a summary of main points in each chapter, as well as background material on algebra, geometry, and reading comprehension.
Subject/s: Calculus Mathematics We usually take shapes, formulas, and situations at face value. Calculus gives us two superpowers to dig deeper: X-ray vision and time-lapse vision. What do X-ray and time-Lapse vision have in common? They examine patterns step-by-step. An X-ray shows the individual slices inside, and a time-lapse puts each future state next to the other.
Calculus is one of the milestones of Western thought. Building on ideas of Archimedes, Fermat, Newton, Leibniz, Cauchy, and many others, the calculus is arguably the cornerstone of modern science. Any well-educated person should at least be acquainted with the ideas of calculus, and a scientifically literate person must know calculus solidly.
Calculus has two main aspects: differential calculus and integral calculus. Differential calculus concerns itself with rates of change. Various types of change, both mathematical and physical, are described by a mathematical quantity called the derivative. Integral calculus is concerned with a generalized type of addition, or amalgamation, of quantities. Many kinds of summation, both mathematical and physical, are described by a mathematical quantity called the integral.
Subject/s: Calculus Introduction to integration (the area problem); indefinite integrals (review of pre-calculus and calculus I); solving 3D problems; infinite series; convergence and divergence; Taylor series; Maclaurin series; multivariable calculus.
Subject/s: Mathematics Statistics Most of us live comfortably with some level of uncertainty. What makes statistics unique is its ability to quantify uncertainty, to make it precise. This allows statisticians to make categorical statements, with complete assurance - about their level of uncertainty.
Subject/s: Biology On a cold winter day in 2011, bat researcher Kate Langwig discovered something exciting in the Adirondack Mountains. Deep inside an abandoned mine, she found a little brown bat.
Once, finding a little brown bat in this mine would have been nothing special. However, hibernation is no longer a sure way for bats to survive the winter. In recent years, something that strikes only during winter is killing bats - lots of them.
Psychological problems can bring great suffering, but they can also be the source of inspiration and energy. Because they are so common and so personal, these problems capture the interest of us all. The field devoted to the scientific study of the problems we find so fascinating is usually called abnormal psychology.
Abnormal behavior, thoughts, and emotions are those that differ markedly from a society’s ideas about proper functioning. Each society establishes norms - stated and unstated rules for proper conduct. Behavior that breaks legal norms is considered to be criminal. Behavior, thoughts, and emotions that break norms of psychological functioning are called abnormal.
The concept of chaos is one of the most exciting and rapidly expanding research topics of recent decades. Ordinarily, chaos is disorder or confusion. In the scientific sense, chaos does involve some disarray, but there's much more to it than that.
The chaos that we'll study is a particular class of how something changes over time. In fact, change and time are the two fundamental subjects that together make up the foundation of chaos. The weather, Dow-Jones industrial average, food prices, and the size of insect populations, for example, all change with time. (In chaos jargon, these are called systems. A 'system' is an assemblage of interacting parts, such as a weather system.
Subject/s: Chemistry A self-learning guide, with sections covering 'Understanding Matter'; 'Chemical Building Blocks'; 'Elements, Groups, and Behavior'; 'Properties and Reactions'. Includes tests for each section and a final exam.
Subject/s: Chemistry From bonds and reactions to acids, bases, and the mole, Chemistry Essentials For Dummies focuses on the essential information and concepts students encounter in a first semester college or high school chemistry class. This handy guide is perfect for cramming, homework help, or as a reference for parents helping kids study for exams.
Subject/s: Chemistry Chemistry often is called the central science because knowledge of the principles of chemistry can facilitate understanding of other sciences, including physics, biology, geology, astronomy, oceanography, engineering, and medicine. Chemistry is the study of matter and the changes that matter undergoes. Matter is what makes up our bodies, our belongings, our physical environment, and in fact our entire universe. Matter is anything that has mass and occupies space. Includes test questions and answers; glossary; various tables of constants; and a review of the mathematics required.
Subject/s: Civilization Culture Reference The Intelligence Cycle is the process by which information is acquired, converted into intelligence, and made available to policymakers. Information is raw data from any source, data that may be fragmentary, contradictory, unreliable, ambiguous, deceptive, or wrong.
Intelligence is information that has been collected, integrated, evaluated, analyzed, and interpreted. Finished intelligence is the final product of the Intelligence Cycle ready to be delivered to the policymaker.
Subject/s: Engineering Reference The second edition of the Civil Engineering Handbook has been revised and updated to provide a comprehensive reference work and resource book covering the broad spectrum of civil engineering. This book has been written with the practicing civil engineer in mind. The ideal reader will be a BS- or MSc- level engineer with a need for a single reference source to use to keep abreast. The Handbook stresses professional applications, placing great emphasis on ready-to-use materials. It contains many formulas and tables that give immediate solutions to common questions and problems arising from practical work. It also contains a brief description of the essential elements of each subject, thus enabling the reader to understand the fundamental background of these results and to think beyond them. Traditional as well as new and innovative practices are covered.
Subject/s: Programming Clive Thompson is a Canadian freelance journalist, blogger and science and technology writer. You use software nearly every instant you're awake. And this may sound weirdly obvious, but every single one of those pieces of software was written by a programmer. Programmers are thus among the most quietly influential people on the planet. As we live in a world made of software, they're the architects. The decisions they make guide our behavior. When they make something newly easy to do, we do a lot more of it. If they make it hard or impossible to do something, we do less of it.
Subject/s: Psychology If you're embarking on a journey of self-help or self-improvement, we hope that this book provides a useful introduction to CBT techniques and will be of benefit to you. Depending on the degree of disruption and distress that your personal difficulties are causing you, this book may or may not be enough treatment to help you recover. The book may spur you on to get further help (Chapter 19 has more on seeking professional help) to really knock your emotional demons on the head.
Color PDF: Click title to read online Hornung, David 2012
Subject/s: Vision One would think that a condition of the physical world as omnipresent as color would be easy to understand. Because it is a function of light, however, and because light is highly variable, color is one of the most elusive and enigmatic elements for the artist and designer to master.
Color language is quite specific and efficient, and Hornung is careful to define and to illustrate the terms we commonly use to describe characteristics or aspects of color and color usage. From semantic misunderstandings or misreadings arise many of the problems associated with color study, but here the student will find a rigorous yet streamlined analysis of that language designed to avoid just such misinterpretations.
Subject/s: Programming In order to get the most out of this book, you should be somewhat familiar with COMMON LISP. This means you should have at least one COMMON LISP compiler on your hard drive which you should have already used to write a few simple programs. You should know how to define functions with DEFUN and how to call them; you should know how to declare local variables with LET and how to use them; you should have used some basic arithmetic and list functions like + or LIST; you should not be surprised by strings or characters; you should be familiar with forms like IF for branches or DOTIMES for iteration. And so on. It would also be good if you knew your way around in the HyperSpec (see page XXIV), so that you can look up things that you don’t know.
Due to its very nature as a collection of 'recipes', this book can't be considered a textbook. If you're totally new to COMMON LISP, you shouldn't read this book as an introduction.
Subject/s: Anthropology Forensic Science Medical Kristin Krueger, contributing author to this remarkable Companion volume (Chapter 24), says it best: "Simply put, teeth are amazing." All of us involved in the development of this book have long known this, but by the time I got to Krueger's chapter, her expression of enthusiasm for the study of dentition in an anthropological perspective was clear for anyone reading beyond this foreword: Teeth are amazing. They are the only element of our skeleton coming into direct contact with the environment, they are composed of dynamic tissues, and they provide an incredible fund of data on so many fronts, including physiology and stress, adaptation, evolution, genetic variation, social and cultural behavior, diet and food use, migration, life history, growth and development, biological distance and relatedness, anatomical variation, oral and general health, and identification and individuation in forensic contexts.
Subject/s: Knots Knotting is an enjoyable pastime. Most people can learn to tie knots and soon acquire an impressive repertoire. Knot tying is as absorbing as reading a good book, and the end product is as satisfactory as a completed crossword or jigsaw puzzle - but with many more practical applications. This book cannot possibly cover everything outlined above, but the 200 or so carefully chosen knots it contains will gently challenge those new to knot tying and, it is hoped, even teach more experienced hands a thing or two.
Subject/s: Computer Science Forensic Science Finding and documenting electronic evidence; setting up a lawsuit for criminal investigation; authorization for search and seizure; managing the crime scene; acquiring and authenticating e-evidence; extracting hidden data; email and web forensics; data, document, and mobile forensics; network forensics; pretrial; tools for computer forensics.
Today's Internet is arguably the largest engineered system ever created by mankind, with hundreds of millions of connected computers, communication links, and switches; with billions of users who connect via laptops, tablets, and smartphones; and with an array of new Internet-connected 'things' including game consoles, surveillance systems, watches, eye glasses, thermostats, and cars. Given that the Internet is so large and has so many diverse components and uses, is there any hope of understanding how it works?
It's our aim in this book to provide you with a modern introduction to the dynamic field of computer networking, giving you the principles and practical insights you'll need to understand not only today's networks, but tomorrow's as well.
Subject/s: Dictionary Mathematics Reference The concepts and terminology of all those topics that feature in pure and applied mathematics and statistics courses at this level today are covered. There are also entries on mathematicians of the past and important mathematics of more general interest. Computing is not included. The reader's attention is drawn to the appendices which give useful tables for ready reference.
Subject/s: Consciousness Neuroscience Asks questions such as: where do thoughts, feelings, and dreams come from?; is the human mind smart enough to understand its own existence? Attempts to answer the question of what is consciousness by examining various mental states such as coma, anesthesia, sleeping, dreaming with modern tools such as functional MRI and electro- and magnetoencephalography.
Subject/s: Physics This is the first in a series of four volumes, all written at an elementary calculus level. The complete course covers the most important areas of classical physics such as mechanics, thermodynamics, statistical mechanics, electromagnetism, waves, and optics. In this book we deal with the mechanics of a material point and of extended bodies, in particular of the rigid ones.
Subject/s: Physics A large fraction of the book deals with the physics of fluids. We shall start with their mechanical properties, continue with their thermodynamic aspects, and end up with the statistical mechanics of their molecular structure. In Chap. 1, we shall study the statics and the dynamics of fluids, called hydrostatics and hydrodynamics, respectively. We shall describe several aspects of the complex fluid phenomenology aimed at understanding the physics rather than the mathematics.
Subject/s: Physics Modern technology is more than 99% reliant on electromagnetism. In hydroelectric power stations, for example, big turbines are moved by water falling on them through large pipes under pressure. However, the electromagnetic nature of natural phenomena does not appear at first sight and remained substantially unknown until roughly two centuries ago. The basic reason for this late scientific birth of electromagnetism can be traced to the fact that, even if the electric force is billions of billions of billions of billions times stronger than the gravitational force, it can be attractive or repulsive, depending on the sign of the charges, and because matter is made of positive and negative charges so exactly equal and opposite and so intimately mixed together that they perfectly balance one another. Nobody knows, even today, the reason for this perfect equality. The first four chapters deal with electrostatics, namely electric phenomena under time-independent conditions.
Subject/s: Physics Oscillations about a stable state of equilibrium are a very common natural phenomenon, present in all sectors of physics ranging from mechanics to electromagnetism and from astrophysics to atomic and nuclear physics. Electric and the magnetic fields also oscillate in a vacuum, when they are the fields of an electromagnetic wave. And space-time itself vibrates when a gravitational wave crosses it. Hence, many physical systems exist that can perform oscillations. The first two chapters are devoted to the study of oscillations of physical systems whose state is determined by a single coordinate. In Chap. 3, we define the concept of the wave. We shall then study how a wave can be produced, how it is reflected, and how it can be destroyed (absorbed).
Subject/s: Engineering Reference The purpose of the second edition of the CRC Handbook of Mechanical Engineering is to continue providing practicing engineers in industry, government, and academia with up-to-date information on the most important topics of modern mechanical engineering. The book covers traditional topics such as thermodynamics, solid and fluid mechanics, heat and mass transfer, materials, controls, energy conversion, manufacturing and design, robotics, environmental engineering, economics and project management, patent law, and transportation. These topics were covered in the first edition, but they have been updated, new references have been added, and efforts have been made to provide information on computer technology related to the topics at the end of each chapter.
But in the 10 years since the first edition of this handbook was published, changes have taken place in engineering and technology and additional topics that were not treated in the first edition have come to the fore. To bring the new edition up-to-date, chapters on topics such as nanotechnology, MEMS, electronic packaging, global climate change, electric and hybrid vehicles, and bioengineering have been added.
Subject/s: Mathematics Reference It has long been the established policy of CRC Press to publish, in handbook form, the most up-to-date, authoritative, logically arranged, and readily usable reference material available. For this edition of Standard Mathematical Tables and Formulae the content was reconsidered and reviewed. The criteria for inclusion in this edition includes: information that is immediately useful as a reference (e.g., interpretation of powers of 10); information that is useful and not commonly known (e.g., proof methods); information that is more complete or concise than that which can be easily found on the internet (e.g., table of conformal mappings); information difficult to find on the internet due to the challenges of entering an appropriate query (e.g., integral tables).
Subject/s: Dictionary Medical Reference Gathered from many sources we have here a guide to plants that will bring us the pleasure of quickly finding an answer with well-documented sources. A physician by training Quattrocchi provides concise summaries of plant properties from the literature and offers the appropriate caveats about medical uses. His linguistic skills are evident in his handling of the literature and in the multilingual listings of common names. The derivation of generic names from the standard Greek and Latin are provided, but so, too, are those from many other languages.
Cryptography PDF: Click title to read online Boneh, Dan; Shoup, Victor 2016
Subject/s: Computer Science Internet Security Cryptography is an indispensable tool used to protect information in computing systems. It is used everywhere and by billions of people worldwide on a daily basis. It is used to protect data at rest and data in motion. Cryptographic systems are an integral part of standard protocols, most notably the Transport Layer Security (TLS) protocol, making it relatively easy to incorporate strong encryption into a wide range of applications.
While extremely useful, cryptography is also highly brittle. The most secure cryptographic system can be rendered completely insecure by a single specification or programming error. No amount of unit testing will uncover a security vulnerability in a cryptosystem. Throughout the book we present many case studies to survey how deployed systems operate. We describe common mistakes to avoid as well as attacks on real-world systems that illustrate the importance of rigor in cryptography. We end every chapter with a fun application that applies the ideas in the chapter in some unexpected way. Includes 2 (completed) Appendices: basic number theory; basic probability theory.
Subject/s: Web Design If you are a web designer or document author interested in sophisticated page styling, improved accessibility, and saving time and effort, this book is for you. All you really need to know before starting the book is HTML 4.0. The better you know HTML, the better prepared you'll be, but it is not a requirement. You will need to know very little else to follow this book. This fourth edition of the book was finished in mid-2017 and does its best to reflect the state of CSS at that time. The assumption is that anything covered in detail either had wide browser support at the time of writing or was known to be coming soon after publication. CSS features which were still being developed, or were known to have support dropping soon, are not covered here.
Subject/s: Engineering Origami The most basic origami is to fold a sheet flat along a straight line, corner to corner or side to side. If you were to "fold this paper as you like," you would start with folding it flat. It is widely considered that paper should be tightly folded. However, paper is bendable. The paper can also be folded along a curve by adding a fold on its bended, curved surface.
This 'curved folding' has not drawn much attention. However, the surface of the paper created from curved folding produces geometric, elegant shading. To obtain beautifully designed modelings, we at least need knowledge about how fold lines are laid out. This book presents shapes that are formed by curve-folding paper, together with fold line patterns.
Subject/s: Anthropology Biology Evolution Darwin's Ghosts tells the story of the collective discovery of evolution, from Aristotle, walking the shores of Lesbos with his pupils, to Al-Jahiz, an Arab writer in the first century, from Leonardo da Vinci, searching for fossils in the mine shafts of the Tuscan hills, to Denis Diderot in Paris, exploring the origins of species while under the surveillance of the secret police, and the brilliant naturalists of the Jardin de Plantes, finding evidence for evolutionary change in the natural history collections stolen during the Napoleonic wars. Evolution was not discovered single-handedly, Rebecca Stott argues, contrary to what has become standard lore, but is an idea that emerged over many centuries, advanced by daring individuals across the globe who had the imagination to speculate on nature's extraordinary ways, and who had the courage to articulate such speculations at a time when to do so was often considered heresy.
Subject/s: Programming It is important that creative artists and designers play an active role in learning how to think about, approach, and use digital technology. Written as an inspiring overview of the intersections between visual communication and code, this book provides an introduction to the ways in which a broad approach to the computer as a data input/output device has been used to create new, uniquely 'data-driven' visuals, inspiring experimental approaches to 'traditional' areas of graphic design.
Perhaps you're wondering why the world needs another book on database design. You can certainly find many books detailing the theories and concepts behind the science of database design, but you won't find many (if any) written from Mike's particular perspective. He has made it his goal to provide a book that is clearly based on the sturdy principles of mathematical study, but has geared it toward practical use instead of theoretical possibilities. No matter what specific database package you're using, the concepts in this book will make sense and will apply to your database-design projects.
Data problems include such things as missing data, incorrect data, mismatched data, and inaccurate information. Poor database design is typically the root cause of these types of problems. A database will not fulfill an organization's information requirements if it is not structured properly. Many experienced programmers and database developers are unaware that design methodologies even exist. Data problems and poor design are the issues that this work will address.
Subject/s: Forensic Science From a skeleton, a skull, a mere fragment of burnt thighbone, Dr. William Maples can deduce the age, gender, and ethnicity of a murder victim, the manner in which the person was dispatched, and, ultimately, the identity of the killer. In "Dead Men Do Tell Tales", Dr. Maples revisits his strangest, most interesting, and most horrific investigations, from the baffling cases of conquistador Francisco Pizarro and Vietnam MIAs to the mysterious deaths of President Zachary Taylor and the family of Czar Nicholas II.
Decorative Fusion Knots PDF: Click title to read online Lenzen,J.D. 2011 Subject/s: Braiding Knots 'Fusion Knots' show what can be achieved with a little patience and imagination, and provide endless opportunities for decorative knotting enjoyment. This is especially exciting for those who may have thought knots were something only used by specialists, such as sailors or climbers; or taught to Scouts and Guides, but then forgotten in the modern world of snaps and fasteners.
Subject/s: Psychiatry The creation of the fifth edition of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) was a massive undertaking that involved hundreds of people working toward a common goal over a 12-year process. Much thought and deliberation were involved in evaluating the diagnostic criteria, considering the organization of every aspect of the manual, and creating new features believed to be most useful to clinicians. All of these efforts were directed toward the goal of enhancing the clinical usefulness of DSM-5 as a guide in the diagnosis of mental disorders.
Reliable diagnoses are essential for guiding treatment recommendations, identifying prevalence rates for mental health service planning, identifying patient groups for clinical and basic research, and documenting important public health information such as morbidity and mortality rates. As the understanding of mental disorders and their treatments has evolved, medical, scientific, and clinical professionals have focused on the characteristics of specific disorders and their implications for treatment and research.
Subject/s: Dictionary Food Science Reference Since the last publication of the "Dictionary of Flavors", the industry has gone through a monumental change. This author cannot remember as many accomplishments in the science, as many regulation changes or as many challenges, day to day pressures and concerns that have occurred as in the last few years. Tremendous strides have occurred in identifying nerve receptors for flavor chemicals to the point where receptors are being linked to specific chemical structures. This dictionary book has more charts which are placed at the end of book for the readers to refer.
Subject/s: Dictionary Geography Reference The geographer seeks to describe the distinct features of the earth's surface, to explain if possible how these features have come do be what they are, and to discuss how they influence the distribution of man with his multifarious activities. Current geographical text books and periodicals have been systematically combed, and where a term has been used in a specific geographical context, or in a specialist sense which differs from general practice or popular usage, it has been included.
Subject/s: Mathematics Introduction to differential equations; Linear First Order Differential Equations; Separable Differential Equations; Exact Differential Equations; Second Order Differential Equations; Complex roots; Second Order Linear Nonhomogeneous DifferentialEquations; Power Series and Ordinary Points; Singular Points; Laplace Transforms.
Subject/s: Forensic Science Internet Security Watermarking, as we define it, is the practice of hiding a message about an image, audio clip, video clip, or other work of media within that work itself. Our goal with this book is to provide a framework in which to conduct research and development of watermarking technology. This book is not intended as a comprehensive survey of the field of watermarking. Our own backgrounds being predominantly in images and video, the fundamental principles behind still image, audio, and video watermarking are the same, so we have made an effort to keep our discussion of these principles generic.
Subject/s: Metadata We organize things, we organize information, we organize information about things, and we organize information about information. But even though "organizing" is a fundamental and ubiquitous challenge, when we compare these activities their contrasts are more apparent than their commonalities. By comparing and contrasting how these activities take place in different contexts and domains, we can identify patterns of organizing. We can create a discipline of organizing in a disciplined way.
Diversity of Fishes (The) PDF: Click title to read online Helfman, Gene S.; Collette, Bruce B.; Facey, Douglas E.; Bowen, Brian W. 2009
Subject/s: Biology Ecology Evolution Ichthyology Two types of people are likely to pick up this book, those with an interest in fishes and those with a fascination for fishes. This book is written by the latter, directed at the former, with the intent of turning interest into fascination. The intended audience of this book is the senior undergraduate or graduate student taking an introductory course in ichthyology, although we also hope that the more seasoned professional will find it a useful review and reference for many topics. Our objectives here are to provide such readers with enough information on the general aspects of ichthyology to make informed, biologically sound judgments and decisions, and to gain a larger appreciation of the diversity of fishes beyond the relatively small number of species with which fisheries professionals often deal.
Subject/s: Mathematics Probability We like surprises, as long as they're pleasant ones. Many of us enjoy a flutter on the horses, and most sports would be pointless if we knew at the start who was going to win. The brain makes some decisions a split second ahead. When a cricketer or baseball player catches the ball, there's a small but definite time delay between the visual system detecting the ball and the brain working out where it is. The whole process is subconscious and apparently seamless, so we don't notice that we live our entire lives in a world that's running a split second ahead of our brain.
Subject/s: Chaos Mathematics 'Chaos' is not just a trendy word for random. In the sense now prevalent in science, it is an entirely new and different concept. Chaos occurs when a deterministic (that is, non-random) system behaves in an apparently random manner. The big discovery of the last decade is that chaos is just as common as traditional types of regular behaviour, such as steady states and periodic cycles.
In 'The Earth Moved', Amy Stewart takes us on a journey through the underground world and introduces us to one of its most amazing denizens. The earthworm may be small, spineless, and blind, but its impact on the ecosystem is profound. It ploughs the soil, fights plant diseases, cleans up pollution, and turns ordinary dirt into fertile land.
In her witty, offbeat style, Stewart shows that much depends on the actions of the lowly worm. Charles Darwin devoted his last years to the meticulous study of these creatures, praising their remarkable abilities. With the august scientist as her inspiration, Stewart investigates the worm's subterranean realm, talks to oligochaetologists "the unsung heroes of earthworm science" who have devoted their lives to unearthing the complex life beneath our feet, and observes the thousands of worms in her own garden. From the legendary giant Australian worm that stretches to ten feet in length to the modest nightcrawler that wormed its way into the heart of Darwin's last book to the energetic red wigglers in Stewart's compost bin, The Earth Moved gives worms their due and exposes their hidden and extraordinary universe. This book is for all of us who appreciate Mother Nature's creatures, no matter how humble.
Ecology. 4E PDF: Click title to read online Bowman, William D.; Hacker, Sally D.; Cain, Michael L. 2017
Subject/s: Ecology Ecology is at the heart of understanding our world - it serves as the glue that brings together information from a multitude of very different scientific disciplines, and it integrates this information in a way that informs us about how nature works. As our environment continues to change at an alarming rate it becomes increasingly critical that we improve our understanding of the repercussions of climate change, non-sustainable extraction of resources, the spread of invasive species, and pollution.
Subject/s: Electronics Fundamentals of Electronics; Storing electrical energy in capacitors and inductors; Allowing current to flow in just one direction with diodes; Using integrated circuits as amplifiers, counters, oscillators, and more; Controlling Current with Components; Learning to read schematics; Mastering the art of soldering; Exploring circuit operation using a multimeter; Adding advanced testing tools to your electronics arsenal.
Subject/s: Anthropology Reference The anthropological quest aims for a better understanding of and proper appreciation for the evolutionary history, sociocultural diversity, and biological unity of humankind. Genes, fossils, artifacts, monuments, languages, and societies and their cultures are the subject matter of anthropology.
Subject/s: Biology Encyclopedia Evolution Reference The theory and facts of evolution have been part of modern science for almost 150 years, since the publication of Charles Darwin's On the Origin of Species, and yet, the public at large - especially, but not only, in the United States - still has little understanding of evolution, with almost 50 percent of Americans rejecting the Darwinian view of the history of life outright.
Subject/s: Entomology Insects Reference This second edition contains several new entries and updates of almost all of the original entries. Many new illustrations have been added and references for further readings have been updated. It is a complete source of information on the subject of insects, contained within a single volume. Each article in the Encyclopedia provides an overview of the selected topic to inform a broad spectrum of readers, from insect biologists and scientists conducting research in related areas, to students and the interested general public.
Subject/s: Ecology Encyclopedia Reference Seashore Tide Pools Conveniently arranged alphabetically, nearly 200 wide-ranging entries written in clear language by scientists from around the world provide a state-of-the-art picture of tidepools and rocky shore science. From Abalones, Barnacles, and Climate Change through Seagrasses, Tides, and Wind, the articles discuss the animals and plants that live in tidepools, the physics and chemistry of the rocky shore environment, the ecological principles that govern tidepools, and many other interdisciplinary topics.
Subject/s: Encyclopedia Horology Reference This encyclopedia surveys those major facts, concepts, theories, and speculations that infuse our present comprehension of time. Its inclusive orientation recognizes the contributions of not only scientists and philosophers, but also theologians and creative artists from various fields. Three volumes cover time as viewed by several subjects such as biology, evolution, culture, geology, philosophy, physics and chemistry, psychology, and theology.
World-wide events are creating an unprecedented growth of interest in regional and global climates. Extensive media coverage of droughts, floods, and very cold or exceptionally warm winters is exposing people from all segments of society to the significance of climate. The modern age of communications has permitted many formerly esoteric climatological terms, with El Niño providing an excellent example, to be widely known and frequently cited.
Research in both theoretical and applied climatology is beginning to provide a greater understanding of the actual and potential impacts of past, present and future climates, and it remains for the professional to provide the educated layperson with climatic information that is accurate, meaningful and readily comprehended.
Subject/s: Physics The aim of this book is to explain energy and to use the history of its emergence for this purpose. As the book is therefore primarily physics-explanation rather than history of physics, no attempt is made at a comprehensive historical account. Ask a physicist what physics is all about and he or she might reply that it's something to do with the study of matter and energy. 'Matter' is dispensed with quite swiftly - it is stuff, substance, what things are made from. But 'energy' is a much more difficult idea.
Subject/s: Biology This extraordinary work explores the awesome range of activities of fungi: enabling the first life on land; interacting in countless ways with other life-forms; shaping human history and potentially safeguarding our future. At once rigorously scientific and boldly imaginative, 'Entangled Life' raises fundamental questions about the many natures of life on Earth.
Essential Med Notes PDF: Click title to read online Toronto Notes for Medical Students, Inc. 2015
Subject/s: Medical Comprehensive medical reference and review for the United States Medical Licensing Exam Step 2 and the Medical Council of Canada Qualifying Exam Part I. 31 Edition
Subject/s: Mathematics Comprehensive introduction to many mathematical topics including numbers and arithmetic; variables; extreme numbers; measurement; algebra; statistics; probability and chance; geometry; graphs; trigonmetry; vectors; logarithms & exponentials; acceleration. Includes chapter tests and final exam.
Subject/s: Knots The knots in this book were chosen based on popular convention, historical significance, and use of common structures shared with other knots. In tying these knots you will be both following in the steps of history and taking part in the ever-increasing body of knowledge available to the modern knot tyer.
Subject/s: Entomology Evolution Insects Our approach to the volume was tempered by our own experience and interests with fossil insects. Entomologists typically ignore fossils, and since we too work on speciose groups of living insects, we have always been intrigued by the dismissiveness of most entomologists. Why ignore such illuminating parts of evolutionary history? We hope that this book will reveal to our colleagues the significance, and even esthetics, of insect fossils.
Subject/s: Antarctica Geography Today Antarctica is the stage for active volcanoes, rising mountains and the formation of deep marine basins. Amidst the arid desert landscape of the McMurdo Dry Valleys, geological processes operate that are similar to those on Mars and other planets. Yet entire mountain ranges and one of the world's largest volcanic provinces disappear completely under the smooth Antarctic ice sheets, and geologists need to use geophysical and remote-sensing techniques to visualise the topography and describe the physical properties of the continent under ice.
Subject/s: Medical This book is intended to be a clear and concise reference for physicians and allied health professionals. Its user-friendly format is designed to provide a fast and efficient way to identify important clinical information and to offer practical guidance in patient management. The book is divided into five sections and an appendix, each with emphasis on clinical information.
Subject/s: Physics It is thus with great pleasure and pride we present this second edition of Feynman's Tips on Physics, published by Basic Books as part of a unification of print, audio, and photo rights pertaining to The Feynman Lectures on Physics - rights which had been assigned over the years to different publishers. To celebrate this fortuitous occasion, The Feynman Lectures on Physics (New Millennium Edition) is now being printed for the first time from a LaTeX manuscript, thus enabling errata to be corrected much more quickly, and electronic editions of The Lectures to be produced soon. Also contains interviews with Richard Feynman in 1966; Robert Leighton in 1986; and Rochus Vogt in 2009.
Subject/s: Mathematics Rabbits, Fibonacci numbers, and Lucas numbers; golden section and Fibonacci quadratic equation; geometry and the golden section; Fibonacci algebra; divisibility properties; periodicity; Pascal's triangle; selected identities; two-by-two matrices; representation theorems; Fibonacci numbers in nature. Includes a list of first 100 Fibonacci and Lucas numbers.
Subject/s: Reference Vision Color is a part of many different fields, from vision and perception to art and design. The subset of color, called digital color, in which color is encoded and manipulated as digital values, still spans many fields, including: image reproduction, computer graphics, and multi-media design. This book is a "field guide", designed to provide a high-level summary of each field, with pointers to in-depth resources. Students, engineers, computer scientists, digital photographers, graphic artists, and anyone wanting a broad introduction to digital color will benefit from this book.
Subject/s: Ichthyology Reference Sharks The waters of the northeast Atlantic and Mediterranean Sea are home to an amazing variety of sharks, rays and chimaeras. This comprehensive and easy-to-use field guide covers all 146 species found in the Mediterranean, the waters of the European Atlantic and Iceland, along all the Scandinavian coasts, in the Black Sea and as far south as the Canary Islands.
The first field guide to cover all 146 species.
Features hundreds of colour illustrations, photos, maps and diagrams.
Describes key features, habitat, biology and status.
Includes depth guides, at-a-glance icons, key guides and teeth plates.
Fields Virology, 5E EPUB: Click title to download Griffin, Diane E.; Howley, Peter M.; Lamb, Robert A.; Malcolm, Martin A. [editors] 2007 Subject/s: Biology Medical "Fields Virology" is the authoritative reference book for virology, providing definitive coverage of all aspects of virology, including thorough coverage of virus biology as well as replication and medical aspects of specific virus families. With the regular outbreaks of influenza, noroviruses as well as other emerging and re-emerging viruses it is essential to have the most up-to-date information available.
Flavour PDF: Click title to read online Guichard, Elisabeth [editor] 2017
Subject/s: Biology Food Science Olfaction The survival and reproductive success of living organisms, including human beings, depends on the detection of sensory stimuli. Living organisms do not eat or reproduce with whatever is available; instead, they show considerable selectivity by taking advantage of their chemical and physical senses. In this regard, the sense of smell and its capacity to detect myriad of odorant molecules is of critical importance for humans and most animal species. The principal aim of this review is to gather the results of very recent as well as major studies on the processing of olfactory information by the olfactory system and to highlight its plasticity.
Subject/s: Engineering Origami All designers fold. That is, all designers crease, pleat, bend, hem, gather, knot, hinge, corrugate, drape, twist, furl, crumple, collapse, wrinkle, facet, curve or wrap two-dimensional sheets of material, and by these processes of folding, create three-dimensional objects.
Beginning with the basic origami symbols of 'folds' and 'pleats', the book presents generic folding concepts from which ideas for designed products can be derived. It is not a book of models to copy, or of formulaic design solutions. This book is useful - or should be - because it presents practical concepts of folding that can be adapted infinitely by any designer from any design discipline, using any sheet material.
Forensic Archaeology. Multidisciplinary Perspectives PDF: Click title to read online Moran,Kimberlee Sue;Gold,Claire L. [editors] 2019 Subject/s: Anthropology Forensic Archaeology Forensic Science The marriage of forensics with archaeology and law enforcement, and how it came about. Several essays cover frameworks, contexts where it is applicable, multi-disciplinary techniques, and several case studies.
Subject/s: Fabrics Forensic Science Textile Fibres In order for forensic fibre examiners to fully utilize fibre and textile evidence during their analysis, they require not only specialised forensic knowledge but also in-depth knowledge of fibres, yarns and fabrics themselves. Production, both the chemical and physical structure, and the properties of these materials is required in order to determine the value of fibre evidence.
This includes knowing production figures, fashion changes, sudden arrivals of new materials, dye variability, and numerous other factors that may have a bearing on the information obtained. The coverage has been considerably expanded, and all material has been revised and wholly updated. Topics covered include examining damaged textiles, infrared micro-spectroscopy and thin layer chromatography, and colour analyses.
Subject/s: Dictionary Forensic Science Reference This book contains information obtained from authentic and highly regarded sources. It introduces terms commonly used in the field of forensic science to members of the law enforcement community, students taking courses in forensic science or criminal justice, and prosecutors and defence attorneys involved in criminal court cases. Knowing the meanings of these forensic terms becomes crucial in understanding and communicating with forensic scientists.
Forensics EPUB: Click title to download McDermid,Val 2014
Subject/s: Forensic Science In her crime novels, Val McDermid has been solving complex crimes and confronting unimaginable evil for years. Now, she's looking at the people who do it for real, and real crime scenes. It's a journey that will take her to war zones, fire scenes and autopsy suites, and bring her into contact with extraordinary bravery and wickedness, as she traces the history of forensics from its earliest beginnings to the cutting-edge science of the modern day.
Renowned psychoanalyst Erich Fromm investigates the universal language of symbols, expressed through dream and myths, and how it illuminates our humanity.
In this study, Erich Fromm opens up the world of symbolic language, 'the one foreign language that each of us must learn.' Understanding symbols, he posits, helps us reach the hidden layers of our individual personalities, as well as connect with our common human experiences.
Subject/s: Philosophy Photography Voicing a disappointment well known to curious minds, Donald Davidson acknowledged how hard it is 'to improve on intelligibility while retaining the excitement.' Familiar phenomena seen through a haze can come to have an exotic allure that rarely survives straightening them out. An exception is the philosophy of photography. Those who puzzle over photography are apt to find that the topic grows more - not less - interesting as their puzzles are solved.
Free Will PDF: Click title to read online Beebee,Helen 2013
Subject/s: Philosophy Can we ever act freely if everything we do is determined by our genes, our upbringing and our environment? On the other hand, if everything we do isn't determined, is it just a matter of luck what we do? What are the requirements on acting freely: are they easily satisfied by ordinary people so long as they aren't coerced or manipulated or suffering from compulsion, or does acting freely involve requirements that are difficult or impossible to meet? This introduction to the contemporary free will debate explores these questions in a lively and accessible way, with the emphasis on giving readers the intellectual tools to make their own minds up on this important and controversial topic.
Subject/s: Forensic Science Psychiatry Mental health and legal professionals face formidable challenges in applying their knowledge and expertise to the criminal justice system. This book addresses psycholegal issues from both law (e.g., statutes, case law, and legal theory) and clinical-forensic (e.g., empirically based knowledge and specialized methods) perspectives. Within the criminal justice system, it considers the major legal, empirical, and forensic issues found in the law-mental health interface.
Subject/s: Medical 'Fundamentals of Pharmacology' is primarily a text for undergraduate and postgraduate students in the health science disciplines, particularly those in nursing. Students of other health disciplines whose roles involve pharmacological therapy (such as pharmacy, podiatry, optometry, paramedic and physiotherapy), as well as those studying basic science, should find much of the material relevant to their studies.
Subject/s: AWK Programming Shell Scripting This book is the gawk reference manual, but at its core it is a book about AWK programming that will appeal to a wide audience. It is a definitive reference to the AWK language as defined by the 1987 Bell Laboratories release and codified in the 1992 POSIX Utilities standard.
Subject/s: Database SQL Over the past three decades, computers have taken over the world. Now everything is computerized and digital. Consequently, every member of society needs to be familiar with computers. That does not mean having the deep knowledge of a techie, but just as poets need to study a little math and physics, and just as mathematicians need to read a little poetry, so too does everybody today need to know something about computers.
This book really helps to address the knowledge gap between techies and laypeople, by providing an accessible and easy-to-read discussion of SQL - a core database technology.
Graph Databases PDF: Click title to read online Robinson, Ian; Webber, Jim; Eifrem, Emil 2015
Subject/s: Computer Science Database Graph databases address one of the great macroscopic business trends of today: leveraging complex and dynamic relationships in highly connected data to generate insight and competitive advantage. For data of any significant size or value, graph databases are the best way to represent and query connected data. Connected data is data whose interpretation and value requires us first to understand the ways in which its constituent elements are related. More often than not, to generate this understanding, we need to name and qualify the connections between things.
Subject/s: Astrophysics Gravity Physics Quantum Theory Relativity A sweeping account of the century of experimentation that confirmed Einstein's general theory of relativity, bringing to life the science and scientists at the origins of relativity, the development of radio telescopes, the discovery of black holes and quasars, and the still unresolved place of gravity in quantum theory.
Subject/s: Medical Anatomy is the study of the structure of the body. Conventionally, it is divided into topographical (macroscopic or gross) anatomy (which may be further divided into regional anatomy, surface anatomy, neuroanatomy, endoscopic and imaging anatomy); developmental anatomy (embryogenesis and subsequent organogenesis); and the anatomy of microscopic and submicroscopic structure (histology).
Subject/s: Veterinary Medical This essential reference allows veterinarians to not only identify poisonous plants, but also includes the toxic properties of the plant and the clinical signs that can be expected in animals that ingest the plants. This instrumental guide contains detailed discussions on the plant toxins, the plant parts that are most dangerous and the first aid that should be considered. The book includes 192 domestic and exotic plant species, with an emphasis on plants typically found in and around the home. This user friendly guide is organized alphabetically by the plant's botanical name, while the index includes common names listed to help find the specific plant in question. The 350 high quality color photos also assist the practitioner in accurate plant identification. The highly visual, easily accessible format make this title an ideal toxically reference for small animal practitioners.
Subject/s: Reference World Records The latest collection of records from Guinness. Organized into 10 chapters including Science & Technology; Arts & Media; Sports; Making History; Planet Earth; Universe; Living Planet; Try This At Home. Includes Index.
Subject/s: History In 1918, the U.S. Army Signal Corps sent 223 women to France to help win World War I. They were masters of the latest communications technology: the telephone switchboard. Top U.S. commander General John Pershing requested female "wire experts" when he discovered that inexperienced doughboys were unable to keep him connected with Allies and troops under fire. Men called them the Hello Girls. They were America's first women soldiers.
Hidden Figures EPUB: Click title to download Shetterly, Margot Lee 2017
Subject/s: History Mathematics Set amid the civil rights movement, the never-before-told true story of NASA's African-American female mathematicians who played a crucial role in America's space program. Before Neil Armstrong walked on the moon, a group of professionals worked as 'Human Computers', calculating the flight paths that would enable these historic achievements. Among these were a coterie of bright, talented African-American women.
Subject/s: Perl Programming A well-known saying in the programming racket is that a good Fortran programmer can write Fortran programs in any language. The sad truth, though, is that Fortran programmers write Fortran programs in any language whether they mean to or not. Similarly, we, as Perl programmers, have been writing C programs in Perl whether we meant to or not. This is a shame, because Perl is a much more expressive language than C. We could be doing a lot better, using Perl in ways undreamt of by C programmers, but we're not.
Subject/s: Forensic Science Psychology Reference Homicide, the killing of one person by another, encompasses murder and manslaughter, lawful slayings during wartime, executions, euthanasia, and justifiable homicide. To write exhaustively about homicide would, therefore, necessitate several lengthy volumes, with each chapter spread fecklessly thin like jam over too much toast. The variations of homicide in this volume are not mutually exclusive, in fact, many homicides show dynamic motivational interplay. All this to say that though the homicide types and associated phenomena such as paraphilia or the instrumental-reactive dichotomy are heavily couched in terminology, and the academic writing style has a clinical tone to it, the reader is urged to never let their understanding of homicides become too abstract. Ultimately, how something happened is just as important as why it happened, because one cannot fully understand one without the other.
Homo Deus EPUB: Click title to download Harari, Yuval Noah 2017
Subject/s: Civilization Science For generation after generation humans have prayed to every god, angel and saint, and have invented countless tools, institutions and social systems - but they continued to die in their millions from starvation, epidemics and violence. Many thinkers and prophets concluded that famine, plague and war must be an integral part of God's cosmic plan or of our imperfect nature, and nothing short of the end of time would free us from them.
Subject/s: Biology Kinematics Photography Taken at speeds up to 1/2,000 of a second, true action images show horses and other animals photographed in typical actions against ruled backgrounds. Most sequences include shots from two angles, many in foreshortened views. Horses are shown walking, trotting, cantering, galloping, pulling a weight, drawing a vehicle, and with riders bareback and in the saddle.
Dozens of other stopped-action photographs capture split-second motions of the ox, sow, goat, dog, cat, antelope, lion, camel, elk, baboon, elephant, ostrich, pigeon, cockatoo, and other animals. You'll see precisely how a cat runs; how an elk trots; the way a lion sets its paw down, how an ostrich's head bobs; exactly how a dog jumps a hurdle; and many other vignettes of animals on the move.
Subject/s: Electronic Data Processing Programming Science fiction author Arthur C. Clarke wrote that "any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic." If we don't know how something works, then it might as well be explained by supernatural forces. By that standard, we live in an age of magic. This book covers the most commonly used processes in software and does so without a single line of programming code. No prior knowledge of how computers operate is required.
Subject/s: Climate Change Environmental Science Bill Gates has spent a decade investigating the causes and effects of climate change. With the help of experts in the fields of physics, chemistry, biology, engineering, political science, and finance, he has focused on what must be done in order to stop the planet's slide toward certain environmental disaster. In this book, he not only explains why we need to work toward net-zero emissions of greenhouse gases, but also details what we need to do to achieve this profoundly important goal.
He lays out a concrete, practical plan for achieving the goal of zero emissions-suggesting not only policies that governments should adopt, but what we as individuals can do to keep our government, our employers, and ourselves accountable in this crucial enterprise.
Subject/s: Anthropology Forensic Science Medical Reference 'The Human Bone Manual' is intended for use outside the laboratory and classroom, by professional forensic scientists, anthropologists and researchers. The compact volume includes all the key information needed for identification purposes, including hundreds of photographs designed to show a maximum amount of anatomical information.
Humble Pi EPUB: Click title to download Parker, Matt 2019
Subject/s: Mathematics Most of the time, the maths in our everyday lives works quietly behind the scenes. Until someone forgets to carry a '1' and a bridge collapses, a plane drops out of the sky or a building rocks when its resonant frequency matches a gym class leaping to Snap's 1990 hit "I've Got". Exploring and explaining a litany of near-misses and mishaps involving the Internet, big data, elections, street signs, lotteries and the Roman empire, Matt Parker shows us the bizarre ways maths trips us all up, and what this reveals about its essential place in our world. Mathematics doesn't have good 'people skills', but we would all be better off, he argues, if we saw it as a practical ally. By making maths our friend, we can use it to our advantage and learn from its pitfalls.
Subject/s: Neuroscience The brain is an absolute marvel - the seat of our consciousness, the pinnacle (so far) of evolutionary progress, and the engine of human experience. But it's also messy, fallible, and about 50,000 years out of date. We cling to superstitions, remember faces but not names, miss things sitting right in front of us, and lie awake at night while our brains endlessly replay our greatest fears. "Idiot Brain" is for anyone who has ever wondered why their brain appears to be sabotaging their life - and what on earth it is really up to.
Subject/s: Logic The world is logical, according to some. Others call it absurd. We have never been sure who is right, but what we do know is that nobody grasps the absurd unless that person also senses the logical. Yet, in that case, where does our sense of logic come from? What is it really a sense of? And what drove people to start studying logic in the first place?
Subject/s: Conservation Entomology Insects Insects do not live in isolation. They interact with the abiotic environment and are major components of the terrestrial and freshwater biotic milieus. They are crucial to so many ecosystem processes and are the warp and weft of all terrestrial and freshwater ecosystems that are not permanently frozen. This means that insect conservation is a two-way process: insects as the subjects of conservation, while also they are useful tools for conserving the environment in which we all live.
Insects (The) PDF: Click title to read online Gullan, P.J.; Cranston, P.S. 2014
Subject/s: Biology Entomology Insects Although there are millions of kinds of insects, we do not know exactly (or even approximately) how many. This ignorance as to how many organisms we share our planet with is remarkable considering that astronomers have listed, mapped and uniquely identified a comparable diversity of galactic objects. Some estimates, which we discuss in detail later, imply that the species richness of insects is so great that, to a near approximation, all organisms can be considered to be insects. Although dominant on land and in freshwater, few insects are found beyond the tidal limit of oceans.
Subject/s: Forensic Science The 2nd edition of this book is both revised and updated with improved quality of photographs and diagrams, and represents an effort to provide a continuing resource and text for law enforcement officers, medicolegal personnel, prosecutors and defense attorneys involved with examination of bloodstain evidence, crime scene reconstruction and the ultimate presentation of this type of evidence in court.
Subject/s: Go (Game) The aim of this book is to present the rules of go in a simple, clear and concise manner so that the beginning go player can learn the fundamentals in the shortest possible time and get on with playing games of go. For completeness, I have inserted some of the Nihon Ki-in 'precedents' covering some special situations that are ambiguous and sometimes hard to resolve by actual play.
Subject/s: Linguistics Sociolinguistics This book is intended to provide students with a sound, basic coverage of most of the topics dealt with in courses described as either 'Sociolinguistics' or 'The Sociology of Language.' It assumes very little previous knowledge of linguistics, anthropology, or sociology, and so should prove to be most useful in a first-level course.
Subject/s: Knots A fully illustrated step-by-step guide to the tying of the world's 24 most useful knots. Carefully selected from a total of over 4,000, these are the All-Stars, the knots you need in the daily battle with the self-untying shoe lace, the dirt-level clothesline, the pop-up trunk lid and the rest of the modern everyday forces of chaos.
Subject/s: Knots Long before mallet and peg, hammer and nail, glue, adhesive tape, or Velcro, there was cordage - and the knots that made it useful. Over the centuries, knots were used by builders, surveyors, soldiers, and sorcerers. It was at sea, though, under sail, that the science and art of knot-tying blossomed.
Subject/s: Knots This book contains a selection of knots intended to be practical and instructive. Many of them have specific purposes, others are purely decorative, while some can be used for many different tasks; all of them should be reliable and safe if tied correctly. You will find them useful in everyday life as well as in activities such as climbing, sailing, and camping.
Subject/s: Artificial Intelligence Automotive Industry Culture Transportation The combined effect of autonomous driving, electric vehicles, and the sharing economy is on the verge of changing the auto industry - all within the next decade. And this tech/economics revolution will touch virtually every industry.
It reveals the disruptive technologies now taking shape and provides a timeline of when they will take hold. It examines the impact on the industry itself, as well as adjacent sectors, including jobs and professions, city and street design, hospitals, insurances, politics, security, hospitality industry, the oil industry, real estate, and society at large.
Subject/s: Perl Programming Known as 'The Llama Book', an introduction to programming with Perl. Covers scalar data; lists and arrays; subroutines; input and output; hashes; regular expressions; control structures; Perl modules; directory and file operators; strings and sorting; matching process management; trapping errors. Includes exercises and answers.
Subject/s: Evolution "The human foot is a masterpiece of engineering and a work of art." Thus said Leonrado da Vinci. Every member of the human clan owes his or her two-foot stance first to the prehistoric sea creatures who developed fins strong enough to enable them to crawl up the banks of the local watering hole and become land animals. As we humans became the dominant species, it has been common to credit our progress to the evolution of our increasingly more complex brain with its highly specialized folds and grooves and multiple connections. In fact, we stood straight before we began to think straight, and in the process, our two feet with their fifty-two bones, sixty-six joints, and 200 assorted muscles and tendons have influenced not only our language, but also our culture, our politics, and of course our medicine.
Life PDF: Click title to read online Brockman, John 2016
Subject/s: Biology Culture Evolution "Life" is the fifth volume in The Best of Edge series, following Mind, Culture, Thinking, and The Universe. Here we present eighteen pieces from the pages of Edge.org, an online salon consisting of interviews, commissioned essays, and transcribed talks, many of them accompanied with streaming video and available, gratis, to the general public. Edge, at its core, consists of the scientists, artists, philosophers, technologists, and entrepreneurs at the center of today's intellectual, scientific, and technological landscape. Through its lectures, master classes, and annual dinners in California, London, Paris, and New York, Edge assembles the thinkers who are exploring and rewriting our global culture.
Subject/s: Linguistics "Linguistics: A Complete Introduction" is designed to give you everything you need to succeed, all in one place. It covers the key areas that students are expected to be confident in, outlining the basics in clear jargon-free English, and then providing added value features like summaries of key books, and even lists of questions you might be asked in your seminar or exam. The book uses a structure that mirrors many university courses on linguistics - with separate chapters focusing on linguistic thought, syntax, sound systems, morphology, semantics, pragmatics, language acquisition, and much more.
Subject/s: Biology Microbiology With conflicting information swirling through the media, it has become increasingly important for people to understand the basic principles of microbiology, in order to separate rumor and conjecture from good science, and make rational decisions about potential microbial threats and their health.
This is a textbook written for students taking a general microbiology or microbiology-themed course for non-science majors. It teaches the essential concepts of microbiology through practical examples and a conversational writing style intended to make the material accessible to a wide audience.
Subject/s: Logic is one of the few areas of study taught in two different college departments: math and philosophy. The reason that logic can fit into two seemingly different categories is historical: Logic was founded by Aristotle and developed by philosophers for centuries. But, about 150 years ago, mathematicians found that logic was an indispensable tool for grounding their work as it became more and more abstract. One of the most important results of this overlap is formal logic, which takes ideas from philosophical logic and applies them in a mathematical framework. Formal logic is usually taught in philosophy departments as a purely computational (that is, mathematical) pursuit.
Subject/s: Algebra Engineering Geometry Manufacturing Mathematics Physics Reference Technology Trigonometry Machinery's Handbook Pocket Companion is designed for anyone in the machine trades for whom convenient access to just the most basic data is at a premium. Extremely concise yet authoritative, this invaluable tool draws on Machinery's Handbook's wealth of tables, charts and text.
Subject/s: Computer Operating System This book is chock-full of information and advice, explaining everything you need to know about macOS Big Sur in language you can understand - along with time-saving tips, tricks, techniques, and step-by-step instructions, all served up in generous quantities.
Subject/s: Computer Operating System macOS This is a computer book, but it's fun. What a concept! Whether you're brand spanking new to the Mac or a grizzled Mac vet, I guarantee that reading this book to discover the ins and outs of macOS High Sierra will make everything easier.
Subject/s: Computer Operating System macOS MacOS Mojave is the 14th major version of Apple's Unix-based operating system. It's got very little in common with the original Mac operating system, the one that saw Apple through the 1980s and 1990s. Apple dumped that in 2001, when CEO Steve Jobs decided it was time for a change. Apple had spent too many years piling new features onto a software foundation originally poured in 1984. Programmers and customers complained of the "spaghetti code" the Mac OS had become. So today, underneath macOS's classy, shining desktop is Unix, the industrial-strength, rock-solid OS that drives many a website and university. It's not new by any means; in fact, it's decades old and has been polished by generations of programmers.
Subject/s: Dictionary English Language Since first rolling off the presses of London's Longman, Brown, Green and Longmans in June 1852, "Roget's Thesaurus of English Words and Phrases" has emerged as one of the most recognizable books in the English language. A proprietary eponym like Coke or Kleenex, Roget's has sold nearly forty million copies. Obsessed with words ever since he began studying Latin as a schoolboy, Roget completed a first draft of the Thesaurus (the Latin word for "treasure" or "treasury") in 1805, when he was just twenty-six. Then working as a physician in Manchester, Roget managed to crank out this string of word lists in less than a year.
Subject/s: Calculus Mathematics In "The Manga Guide to Calculus", you'll follow along with Noriko as she learns that calculus is more than just a class designed to weed out would-be science majors. You'll see that calculus is a useful way to understand the patterns in physics, economics, and the world around us, with help from real-world examples like probability, supply and demand curves, the economics of pollution, and the density of Shochu (a Japanese liquor).
Subject/s: Cryptography Mathematics Public Key Cryptography Telecommunication Cryptographic technology has evolved rapidly in recent years. It is no longer just the domain of information security specialists, and is now necessary knowledge for the users themselves, who up until now have used convenient network services without a thought. So how then does cryptography work? How does it actually provide information security and protect personal information? This book explains how cryptography works and what it does. The complex math is broken down into friendly eplanations. We've done our best to make this an effortless learning experience where you can enjoy the story.
Subject/s: Algebra Mathematics This book is for anyone who would like to get a good overview of linear algebra in a relatively short amount of time. The Manga format doesn't hurt at all.
Manga Guide To Regression Analysis (The) PDF: Click title to read online Takahashi, Shin 2016 Subject/s: Mathematics Regression analysis is a core component of the statistics classes required of millions of students. Regression analysis has numerous practical applications, such as predicting sales, finding risk factors for a disease, or anticipating demand for goods at a given price, but the math is challenging, and many struggle with the course. As with all titles in the best-selling Manga Guide series, The Manga Guide to Regression Analysis combines comics with real-world examples to teach readers how to use regression analysis to analyze data and make predictions.
The book begins with a review of inverse functions, matrix algebra, and differential calculus, then goes on to explain single, multiple and logistic regression analysis. Readers also learn hypothesis testing, analysis of variance, F and Chi-squared distributions, significance levels, as well as how to use Microsoft Excel for calculations.
Map & Compass PDF: Click title to read online National Council, Boy Scouts of Canada 1964
Subject/s: Topography Topographic maps are the maps that will serve you best (from the Greek 'topos' - place, 'graphin' - to write or draw: a drawing of a picture of a place or an area. Such topographic maps are available for large areas of Canada. They are prepared and may be obtained from the Survey and Mapping Branch of the Department of Mines and Technical Surveys. Other Scouting books are available at 'http://www.thedump.scoutscan.com/'.
Subject/s: Logic Mathematics Treasury of 135 bafflers (70 quickies and 65 micropuzzles) specially designed for computer hobbyists. Puzzles range from relatively simple exercises in logic to daunting mathematical brainteasers. Although a computer is helpful, many can be solved with pocket calculator, pen-and-paper or just plain brain-power. Answers included.
Subject/s: Psychology Psychotherapy Jung's distaste for exposing his personal life to the public eye was well known, Indeed, he gave his consent only after a long period of doubt and hesitation. But once he had done so, he allotted to me an entire afternoon once a week for our work together. Considering the press of his regular program of work, and how easily he tired - for even then he was past eighty - that was a great deal of time.
Subject/s: Logic Critical thinking is the ability to think clearly and rationally. This requires careful, reflective and independent thinking. Critical thinking does not mean being argumentative or always being critical of others. Although critical thinking skills can be used in exposing fallacies and bad reasoning, they can also be used to support other viewpoints, and to cooperate with others in solving problems and acquiring knowledge.
This mini guide contains a brief discussion of the basics of critical thinking. It is neither a comprehensive survey nor a self-contained textbook. The aim is to highlight some of the more important concepts and principles of critical thinking.
Subject/s: Science Technology The mission of MIT Technology Review is to make technology a greater force for good by bringing about better-informed, more conscious technology decisions through authoritative, influential, and trustworthy journalism.
Modern Approach to Quantum Mechanics 2E (A) PDF: Click title to read online Townsend, John S. 2012 Subject/s: Physics Quantum Theory There have been two revolutions in the way we view the physical world in the twentieth century: relativity and quantum mechanics. Moreover, in a triumph for twentieth-century physics, special relativity and quantum mechanics have been joined together in the form of quantum field theory. Rather than continue with a similar approach in a second course, I have chosen to introduce the fundamentals of quantum mechanics through a detailed discussion of the physics of intrinsic spin.
Subject/s: Medical Nursing Reference This book contains monographs for more than 1300 generic and 4500 trade medications. Common trade names are given for all drugs regularly used in the United States and Canada, with drugs available only in Canada identified by a maple leaf.
Subject/s: Dictionary Medical Reference There are several important changes in this edition of Mosby's Medical Dictionary. The foremost of these changes is the elimination of appendixes listing selected standardized languages. The second is the elimination in the body of the dictionary of definitions associated with nursing diagnosis. Standardized languages play a critical role in the documentation of care and allow activities to be described and recorded in databases.
One of the most distinct features of Mosby's Medical Dictionary is the inclusion of high-quality, full-color illustrations and photographs throughout the book to enhance and clarify definitions of terms with a visual representation of many diseases, conditions, and equipment. Mosby's Medical Dictionary was the first English-language medical, nursing or health professional's dictionary to use full color images. In addition, a Color Atlas of Human Anatomy contains clearly labeled helpful illustrations and is placed in the front of the dictionary for easy access.
Subject/s: Mathematics Relativity This book is written for the general reader who wishes to gain a basic but working understanding of the mathematics of Einstein's theory of relativity, one of the cornerstones of modern physics. "The most incomprehensible thing about the world is that it is at all comprehensible." - Albert Einstein
Subject/s: Music For a lot of self-taught musicians, the idea of theory seems daunting and even a little self-defeating. After all, if you can already read guitar tabs and play some scales, why would you want to muddle what you already know with theory? Even the most basic music theory training gives you the information you need to expand your range and abilities as a musician. A decent amount of note-reading ability enables you to play a particular type of music, whereas some basic knowledge about chord progressions can help you write your own music.
Subject/s: Computer Operating System macOS This book explains how your Mac and the latest edition of the macOS operating system, Sierra, are used to create your ideal working environment. If you've never worked with a Mac before, macOS is the name applied to Apple's desktop operating system - like "Windows" on a PC. iPhones and iPads run iOS, and Macintosh computers run macOS. Prior to 2016, macOS was known as OS X - and you'll likely still see remnants of this name in various nooks and crannies of the system.
Subject/s: Database MySQL SQL The purpose of this book is to provide a quick desk reference to
MySQL statements and functions
Command-line options and configuration information for the MySQL server and utilities
The most popular APIs used to access MySQL databases
Several chapters start with tutorials, but the central purpose of the book is to fill in the gaps for people who are already comfortable with relational databases. In summary, the goal is to be brief but fairly complete, and to increase the level of detail as you read on.
Subject/s: Mathematics From the archives of the world's most famous newspaper comes a collection of its very best writing on mathematics. Big and informative, "The New York Times Book of Mathematics" gathers more than 110 articles written from 1892 to 2010 that cover statistics, coincidences, chaos theory, famous problems, cryptography, computers, and many other topics. Edited by Pulitzer Prize finalist and senior "Times" writer Gina Kolata, and featuring renowned contributors such as James Gleick, William L. Laurence, Malcolm W. Browne, George Johnson, and John Markoff, it's a must-have for any math and science enthusiast!
Subject/s: Science A whirlwind tour of the science and technology behind the perennial question, 'How does that work?'. Covering topics such as space, matter, and the energy within the universe, this book does an excellent job of clarifying these topics. It's a great read for young scientists and aspiring physicists.
Subject/s: Many designers and photographers own the entire suite of Adobe creative products, but they manage to learn only one or two of the applications really well. This new addition to the popular Non-Designer's series from best-selling authors Robin Williams and John Tollett includes many individual exercises designed specifically to teach the tools and features in Illustrator that designers (as opposed to illustrators) need to use. Along the way, the book offers many design tips for non-designers. Individual exercises ensure that a reader can jump in at any point and learn a specific tool or technique.
Subject/s: Chemistry When many people think of chemicals, the first things that usually pop into their minds are substances of a disagreeable nature - harmful pesticides and chemical pollutants, nerve agents and chemical weapons, or carcinogens and toxins. Your skin is made up of chemicals - along with your heart, lungs, kidneys, and all your other favorite organs and appendages. And most of the chemicals in your body - in addition to the chemicals in all other living things - are not just any kinds of chemicals, but organic chemicals.
Other Minds PDF: Click title to read online Godfrey-Smith, Peter 2016
Subject/s: Biology Consciousness Although mammals and birds are widely regarded as the smartest creatures on earth, it has lately become clear that a very distant branch of the tree of life has also sprouted higher intelligence: the cephalopods, consisting of the squid, the cuttlefish, and above all the octopus. In captivity, octopuses have been known to identify individual human keepers, raid neighboring tanks for food, turn off lightbulbs by spouting jets of water, plug drains, and make daring escapes. How is it that a creature with such gifts evolved through an evolutionary lineage so radically distant from our own? What does it mean that evolution built minds not once but at least twice? The octopus is the closest we will come to meeting an intelligent alien. What can we learn from the encounter?
Tracking the mind's fitful development, Godfrey-Smith shows how unruly clumps of seaborne cells began living together and became capable of sensing, acting, and signaling. As these primitive organisms became more entangled with others, they grew more complicated. The first nervous systems evolved, probably in ancient relatives of jellyfish; later on, the cephalopods, which began as inconspicuous mollusks, abandoned their shells and rose above the ocean floor, searching for prey and acquiring the greater intelligence needed to do so. Taking an independent route, mammals and birds later began their own evolutionary journeys.
Subject/s: Braiding Knots Paracord J.D. Lenzen is the creator of the highly acclaimed YouTube channel 'Tying It All Together', and the producer of over 200 instructional videos. He's been formally recognized by the International Guild of Knot Tyers (IGKT) for his contributions to knotting, and is the originator of fusion knotting. This is the first of a multiple volume set of books exclusively utilizing paracord for his fusion knotting techniques.
Subject/s: Braiding Knots Paracord This is the second installment in the paracord fusion ties book series and another stunning achievement by author J.D. Lenzen. Primarily designed to provide survival and/or tactical advantages, practical paracord objects are in themselves useful. That is, they provide benefits to those who tie them, in real time; as opposed to when they're unraveled and the cord within them used. Examples of the practical paracord objects include: Bush Sandals, Emergency Snow Goggles, No-Slip Machete Grip, Single-Cord Rock Sling, and more; including pouches, baskets, secret compartment fobs, and tactical ties.
Subject/s: Internet Security Privacy In 2013, twenty-nine-year-old Edward Snowden shocked the world when he broke with the American intelligence establishment and revealed that the United States government was secretly pursuing the means to collect every single phone call, text message, and email. The result would be an unprecedented system of mass surveillance with the ability to pry into the private lives of every person on earth. Six years later, Snowden reveals for the very first time how he helped to build this system and why he was moved to expose it.
Perspectives EPUB: Click title to download American Anthropological Association 2017
Subject/s: Anthropology Culture Different from other introductory textbooks, this book is an edited volume with each chapter written by a different author. Each author has written from their experiences working as an anthropologist and that personal touch makes for an accessible introduction to cultural anthropology.
Subject/s: Medical Reference Human anatomy is the scientific discipline that investigates the structure of the body and Human physiology is the scientific discipline that investigates how body structures function. These subjects may be taught independent of each other in separate courses, or they may be taught together in integrated anatomy and physiology courses. Regardless of whether or not anatomy is taught independently from physiology or if the two disciplines are integrated as a single course, it is necessary for a student to have a conceptualized visualization of body structure and a knowledge of its basic descriptive anatomical terminology in order to understand how the body functions.
Subject/s: Physics Physics fundamentals; scientific notation; acceleration, time, and displacement; vectors; Newton's three laws of motion; inclined planes and friction; circular motion and orbits; kinetic energy; gravity; mechanical energy; momentum and impulse; rotational dynamics; moments of inertia; thermodynamics; heat transfer in solids and gases; radiation; electricity and magnetism; circuits (voltage, resistance, amps); series and parallel circuits; electromagnetic frequency; mirrors and lenses; Heisenberg's uncertainty principle; matter and antimatter.
Subject/s: Physics Science A magnificent treasury of the best short works of Richard P. Feynman - from interviews and speeches to lectures and printed articles. From his ruminations on science in our culture to his Nobel Prize acceptance speech, this book will fascinate anyone interested in the world of ideas.
Subject/s: Programming Python This book uses the Python programming language to teach introductory computer science topics and a handful of useful applications. You'll certainly learn a fair amount of Python as you work through this book, but along the way you'll also learn about issues that every programmer needs to know: ways to approach a problem and break it down into parts, how and why to document your code, how to test your code to help ensure your program does what you want it to, and more.
Subject/s: Mathematics Prime Numbers The prime numbers seem so irregular as to be random, although they are in fact determinate. This mixture of almost-randomness and pattern has enticed mathematicians for centuries, professional and amateur alike, to make calculations, spot patterns, make conjectures, and then (attempt) to prove them. Prime numbers offer a wonderful field for exploration by amateurs and professionals alike.
Subject/s: Mathematics A collection of odd and interesting mathematical concepts, essays and puzzles including chaos theory, fractals, Fermat's last theorem, the four-color theorem, Penrose patterns and more.
Subject/s: Mathematics Like its wildly popular predecessors "Cabinet of Mathematical Curiosities" and "Hoard of Mathematical Treasures", Professor Stewart's brand-new book is a miscellany of over 150 mathematical curios and conundrums, packed with trademark humour and numerous illustrations. In addition to the fascinating formulae and thrilling theorems familiar to Professor Stewart's fans, the Casebook follows the adventures of the not-so-great detective Hemlock Soames and his sidekick Dr John Watsup (immortalised in the phrase 'Watsup, Doc?'). By a remarkable coincidence they live at 222B Baker Street, just across the road from their more illustrious neighbour who, for reasons known only to Dr Watsup, is never mentioned by name. A typical item is 'The Case of the Face-Down Aces', a mathematical magic trick of quite devilish cunning...Ranging from one-liners to four-page investigations from the frontiers of mathematical research, the Casebook reveals Professor Stewart at his challenging and entertaining best.
Subject/s: Mathematics The book is organised in terms of the numbers themselves, although not always in numerical order. As well as chapters 1, 2, 3, and so on, there is also a chapter 0, a chapter 42, a chapter -1, a chapter 22/7 , a chapter ∏, a chapter 43,252,003,274,489,856,000, and a chapter √2. Clearly a lot of potential chapters never made it off the number line. Each chapter starts with a short summary of the main topics to be included. Don't worry if the summary occasionally seems cryptic, or if it makes flat statements unsupported by any evidence: all will be revealed as you read on.
Programming Perl 4E PDF: Click title to read online Christiansen,Tom;foy,brian d;Wall,Larry 2012
Subject/s: Perl Programming Perl is a powerful programming language that has grown in popularity since it first appeared in 1988. The first edition of this book, Programming Perl, hit the shelves in 1990, and was quickly adopted as the undisputed bible of the language. Since then, Perl has grown with the times, and so has this book which supports Perl 5.14.
Subject/s: Mathematics The theorem of Pythagoras is one of the fundamental theorems of Elementary Geometry. A triangle with sides 3, 4, 5 as well as one with sides 5, 12,13 served for the purpose of fixing a right angle in a field. Pythagorean triangles are also connected with the solution in integers of the indefinite equation of the 2nd degree with 3 unknowns: x² + y² = z².
An international perspective in exploring the role of mathematics in everyday life, intended for high school age readers. Accordingly, articles were constructed to contain material that might serve all students. For example, the article, 'Calculus' is intended to be able to serve students taking calculus, students finished with prerequisites and about to undertake their study of calculus, and students in basic math or algebra who might have an interest in the practical utility of a far-off study of calculus.
Subject/s: Civilization The year was 1989 and capitalism had triumphed. Or so, at least, concluded pundits in the West as the communist regimes of Eastern Europe began to collapse. These pundits were wrong - dead wrong - and the consequences of their mistake are now proving fateful. This "electronic pamphlet" describes these consequences and suggests what we can do about them.
Subject/s: Dictionary English Language Onomasiology Reference More than ever before, our language and our ideas about language are changing as rapidly as the world around us. Our Information Age has been made possible, of course, by the ever-expanding technology of computers and the extraordinary explosion of information from the Internet and World Wide Web. We are receiving more information than we had ever imagined possible.
Most people learn a new word by guessing, based on context, what that word means. Recent studies on students' ability to develop reference skills bear this out. Combining this proven pattern with the advanced theories of language gained through electronic media, we have arrived at an "onomasiological" approach to understanding American English. That is, we are capable of traveling successfully from a meaning to a word instead of the straightforward dictionary approach of going from word to meaning. Onomasiologically, readers move from the concepts of "yellow" and "flower" to a selection of words that describe the combination, or from the notion of a "positive state of mind" to its qualities, actions, and conditions.
Subject/s: Programming Ruby Quick reference to the Ruby interpreted programming language, version 2.2.2. Syntax and examples for command-line ruby and interactive ruby (irb). Covers keywords; operators; numbers; variables; ranges; conditional statements; classes; files; IO class; object class; kernel module; array class; string class; hash class; time formatting; RubyGems; Rake.
Sapiens EPUB: Click title to download Harari, Yuval Noah 2014
Subject/s: Civilization About 3.8 billion years ago, on a planet called Earth, certain molecules combined to form particularly large and intricate structures called organisms. The story of organisms is called biology. About 70,000 years ago, organisms belonging to the species Homo sapiens started to form even more elaborate structures called cultures. The subsequent development of these human cultures is called history. Three important revolutions shaped the course of history: the Cognitive Revolution kick-started history about 70,000 years ago. The Agricultural Revolution sped it up about 12,000 years ago. The Scientific Revolution, which got under way only 500 years ago, may well end history and start something completely different. This book tells the story of how these three revolutions have affected humans and their fellow organisms.
Subject/s: Civilization Evolution Genetics A central debate within Darwinism concerns the unit that is actually selected: what kind of entity is it that survives, or does not survive, as a consequence of natural selection. That unit will become, more or less by definition, 'selfish'. Altruism might well be favoured at other levels.
Subject/s: Biology Neurobiology Neuroscience Perception Science Zoology 'Sentient' assembles a menagerie of zoological creatures - from land, air, sea and all four corners of the globe - to understand what it means to be human. Through their eyes, ears, skins, tongues and noses, the furred, finned and feathered reveal how we sense and make sense of the world, as well as the untold scientific revolution stirring in the field of human perception.
Subject/s: Mathematics Equations are the lifeblood of mathematics, science, and technology. Without them, our world would not exist in its present form. The course of human history has been redirected, time and time again, by an equation. The power of equations lies in the philosophically difficult correspondence between mathematics, a collective creation of human minds, and an external physical reality. Equations model deep patterns in the outside world. By learning to value equations, and to read the stories they tell, we can uncover vital features of the world around us. Thankfully, there is hope. As award-winning mathematician Ian Stewart reveals, over the course of history, mathematics has given us some of the tools we need to better manage the uncertainty that pervades our lives.
Subject/s: Forensic Science Medical The trust placed in forensic practitioners by those administering justice is enormous. Although practitioners provide their evidence at the behest of one party or another in cases where there is not an agreed expert, their duty to the court is clear. They must assist the court, in their reports and in any evidence they give orally, by giving their opinions impartially and honestly to the best of their ability. In all but a tiny handful of cases, this trust is rightly reposed in forensic practitioners. However when it is shown that such trust should not have been reposed or that a practitioner has betrayed the principles adhered to by all but that tiny handful, the effect on the administration of justice and on the integrity of forensic practitioners can be devastating.
These days a forensic practitioner must be aware of these changes and the ever greater willingness of lawyers to seek expert opinion from overseas to support their case where none can be found within their own jurisdiction.
Subject/s: Geology Reference A mineral is a naturally occurring solid with a specific chemical composition and a distinctive internal crystal structure. Most minerals are formed inorganically but some, such as those found in bone, are formed organically (by living organisms). Most minerals are chemical compounds composed of two or more chemical elements. However, copper, sulfur, gold, silver, and a few others occur as single "native" elements. A mineral is defined by its chemical formula and by the arrangement of atoms within its crystals.
Social Psychology PDF: Click title to read online Aronson, Elliot;Wilson, Timothy D.;Sommers, Samuel R. 2019
Subject/s: Psychology The task of the psychologist is to understand and predict human behavior. To do so, social psychologists focus on the influence other people have on us. More formally, social psychology is the scientific study of the way in which people's thoughts, feelings, and behaviors are influenced by the real or imagined presence of other people.
The most powerful disruptor we have ever seen and the creator of multibillion-dollar markets is being commercially devalued daily. Just as the technology industry was firmly convinced in 1981 that the money was in hardware, not software, the industry today is largely built on the assumption that the real revenue is in software.
The evidence, however, suggests that software is less valuable - in the commercial sense - than many are aware, and becoming less so by the day. And that trend is, in all likelihood, not reversible. The question facing an entire industry, then, is what next?
Subject/s: Biology Entomology Evolution Insects Spiders have remained relatively unchanged in terms of body plan since their origin over 350 million years ago. They have maintained two body parts, eight legs, no wings, silk production, and a developmental pathway in which offspring are morphologically similar to adults. In contrast, rapid change and immense diversification of morphologies and lifestyles have characterized the evolution of their sister taxa, the insects.
Subject/s: Entomology Insects One of the United Kingdom's most respected conservationists and the founder of the Bumblebee Conservation Trust, Goulson combines light-hearted tales of a child's growing passion for nature with a deep insight into the crucial importance of the bumblebee. He details the minutiae of life in the nest, sharing fascinating research into the effects intensive farming has had on our bee population and the potential dangers if we are to continue down this path.
Subject/s: Crochet Reference For those of you who are about to try crochet for the first time, or those who already know the basics, you'll be able to master the art of crochet by following the easy-to-understand illustrations contained in this book. This book illustrates precisely where to place the hook, where to hold the yarn, and where to pull the yarn through for each stitch. By practicing these steps as you work your projects, each piece will come out a beautiful work of art. The basic techniques are the same whether using thin crochet thread or thick yarn to work the pattern stitches or to join finished pieces together. You no longer have to dream about being able to crochet; you will find all the answers in this book.
Subject/s: Quantum Mechanics Paul Dirac was one of the pre-eminent pioneers of quantum mechanics, the modern theory of atoms, molecules and their constituents. Arguably the most revolutionary scientific breakthrough of the twentieth century, quantum mechanics uprooted centuries-old prejudices about the nature of reality and what can, in principle, be known for certain about the universe.
Subject/s: Entomology Insects Reference The world is full of animals of all shapes and sizes. It's the larger mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, and fish that we mostly notice, but these animals are vastly outnumbered by much smaller creatures including insects and spiders. We call them bugs. Many are tiny, yet they are the most successful creatures on Earth. Insects were also the first animals to fly, enabling them to escape from predators and conquer new areas in the search for food and a mate. Bugs may be small, but look closer and you will discover just how amazing they are. Their bodies often take astonishing forms, with extraordinary adaptations for survival. While some species go unnoticed thanks to clever camouflage, others stand out from the crowd by glittering like living jewels.
Subject/s: Physics The stories in this book were collected intermittently and informally during seven years of meetings and conversations with Richard Feynman. That one person could have so many wonderfully crazy things happen to him in one life is sometimes hard to believe. That one person could invent so much innocent mischief in one life is surely an inspiration!
SVG Essentials. 2E PDF: Click title to read online Eisenberg, J. David; Bellamy-Royds, Amelia 2014
Subject/s: SVG Web Design "SVG Essentials" introduces you to the Scalable Vector Graphics XML file format. SVG, a recommendation from the World Wide Web Consortium, uses XML to describe graphics that are made up of lines, curves, and text. This rather dry definition does not do justice to the scope and power of SVG. You can add SVG graphics to an Extensible Stylesheet Language Formatting Objects (XSL-FO) document, and convert the combined document to Adobe PDF format for high-quality printouts. Mapmakers and meteorologists are using SVG to create highly detailed graphic images in a truly portable format. Web developers are embedding SVG in web pages to create high-resolution, responsive graphics with small file sizes. All of the diagrams in this book were originally created in SVG. As you learn and use SVG, you're sure to think of new and interesting uses for this technology.
Subject/s: English Language Linguistics Semantics Noam Chomsky's "Syntactic Structures" was the snowball which began the avalanche of the modern 'cognitive revolution'. The cognitive perspective originated in the seventeenth century and now construes modern linguistics as part of psychology and human biology. This study deals with syntactic: structure both in the broad sense (as opposed to semantics) and the narrow sense (as opposed to phonemics and morphology). It forms part of an attempt to construct a formalized general theory of linguistic structure and to explore the foundations of such a theory.
Subject/s: Dictionary Medical Reference The 23rd edition of Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary has been edited and written to help students of health care, as well as seasoned professionals, master the ever-evolving art and science of caring, and communicate to each other and our patients with clarity and precision.
Subject/s: Consciousness A definitive series of talks by two acknowledged masters of consciousness exploration on uses of the flotation tank. Dr. John Lilly and E.J. Gold discuss their research and experiences with isolation tanks to bring about an 'altered state of consciousness'. An interesting meeting with Richard P. Feynman and other well-known intellectuals.
Subject/s: Biology Cats Civilization Culture Felis attica Reference Cats are predatory hunters belonging to the order Carnivora. They are, like all carnivores, adapted for stalking, catching, and eating other animals. For example, they have large canine teeth and powerful jaw muscles. There are 37 species of cat in the family Felidae. The ancestors of modern cats were much more diverse than today's felines. Big cats were the first to form a distinct group. Smaller cat groups branched out later and at surprising speed. The domestic cat group is the latest addition to the family tree.
Subject/s: Philosophy Science Many appreciate Richard P. Feynman's contributions to twentieth-century physics, but few realize how engaged he was with the world around him -- how deeply and thoughtfully he considered the religious, political, and social issues of his day.
Subject/s: Civilization Linguistics Sociolinguistics Designed for beginners, this best-selling textbook provides a thorough introduction to the study of language. It introduces the analysis of the key elements of language - sounds, words, structures and meanings, and provides a solid foundation in all of the essential topics. The third edition has been extensively revised to include new sections on important contemporary issues in language study, including language and culture, African American English, sign language, and slang. A comprehensive glossary provides useful explanations of technical terms, and each chapter contains a range of new study questions and research tasks, with suggested answers.
Subject/s: Physics Quantum Mechanics Science In this series of lectures I shall try to give an outline of what we think is the history of the universe from the big bang to black holes. In the first lecture I shall briefly review past ideas about the universe and how we got to our present picture. One might call this the history of the history of the universe.
Think. A Compelling Introduction To Philosophy PDF: Click title to read online Blackburn, Simon 1999 Subject/s: Philosophy This book grew from years of wrestling with the problems of trying to interest people in ideas. I have done this as a teacher, but also as someone who has tried to explain the value of the humanities in general, and philosophy in particular, to a wider audience.
Subject/s: English Language Typography Since the first edition of "Thinking with Type" appeared in 2004, this book has been widely adopted in design programs around the world. Whenever a young designer hands me a battered copy of "Thinking with Type" to sign at a lecture or event, I am warmed with joy from serif to stem. Those scuffed corners and dinged corners are evidence that typography is thriving in the hands and minds of the next generation. If you - like most graphic designers - like to sweat the little stuff, you'll find a lot to love, honor, and worry about in the pages that follow. Finicky matters such as kerning, small capitals, non-lining numerals, punctuation, alignment, and baseline grids that were touched on briefly in the first edition are developed here in more detail, along with new topics that were previously omitted, such as how to style a drop capital, what you need to know about optical sizes, and when to say 'typeface' instead of 'font' at your next AIGA wine-and-carrot-stick party.
Subject/s: Biography Computer Operating System When Tim Cook took over as CEO of Apple in 2011, he had big shoes to fill. One of the largest, most innovative companies in the world had just lost its visionary founder. Steve Jobs and the company he cofounded were beyond iconic, and with him gone, pundits predicted disaster. With rising competition from Android, and uncertainty about future products, Cook had everything to lose by stepping into the driver's seat.
Subject/s: Emphasis here is on practical aspects and scientific applications. A knowledge of high-school algebra is needed. Beginning with the Cartesian Plane, circular functions are investigated. Further sections include right triangles and Pythagarean principles; graphs and inverses; hyperbolic functions; polar coordinates; 3D space and vectors; scientific notation; surveying, navigation, and astronomy;
waves and phase; reflection and refraction; global trigonometry. Each section has a quiz with a final exam at the end.
Subject/s: Biography Physiscists In 1977, Feynman and his sidekick - fellow drummer and geography enthusiast Ralph Leighton - set out to make arrangements to visit Tuva, doing noble and hilarious battle with Soviet red tape, befriending quite a few Tuvans, and discovering the wonders of Tuvan throat-singing. Their Byzantine attempts to reach Tannu Tuva would span a decade, interrupted by Feynman's appointment to the committee investigating the Challenger disaster, and his tragic struggle with the cancer that finally killed him.
Subject/s: Knots All knots are useful, but many can also be very beautiful. Here, Lindsey Philpott sets out to provide the most comprehensive, useful, and attractive book of decorative knots from around the world. Readers will learn the materials, methods, measurements, and tools needed to tie dozens of beautiful knots. Flat knots, round knots, square knots, covering knots - you name it, and this book has it. From braids to plaits to sinnets, here are step-by-step instructions accompanied by full-color photographs for the knot tyer's reference. A handy reference book or a beautiful gift, this is an essential addition to every knot enthusiast's library.
Subject/s: Knots Reference Knotting is an enjoyable pastime. Most people can learn to tie knots and soon acquire an impressive repertoire. Knot tying is as absorbing as reading a good book, and the end product is as satisfactory as a completed crossword or jigsaw puzzle - but with many more practical applications. Everyone ought to know a few knots; that is why the International Guild of Knot Tyers (IGKT), founded in 1982, is now a recognized educational charity. Magicians and escapologists practise knot and rope trickery. Mathematicians venture into three dimensions when they explore the abstruse topological field of knot theory. For periodic dabblers and serious devotees alike, knotting is a delightful pursuit, a lifelong obsession, and for a few fortunate individuals it is a wonderful way to make a living. This book cannot possibly cover everything outlined above, but the 200 or so carefully chosen knots it contains will gently challenge those new to knot tying and, it is hoped, even teach more experienced hands a thing or two.
Subject/s: Mathematics The author of "The Strangest Man" (about Paul Dirac) narrates the history of the dynamic dance between mathematics and theoretical physics, from Newton to Einstein to string theory and beyond. The most popular and elegant theories of what makes the cosmos tick are becoming harder - even impossible - to test directly, but Farmelo argues in this tour de force that they're still taking us deep into the mathematical heart of reality.
Subject/s: Algae Biology Evolution This is a fascinating and challenging book about a group of diverse living organisms that span the whole course of evolution. Numerous and extremely widely distributed across the planet, they are titans in the global control of the biosphere and have been main players and drivers in environmental change. Yet most of us don't even know of their existence, let alone their crucial importance to everyday life in the 21st century. So what more appropriate time for this publication than during the Tercentenary of Linnaeus, the scientist who first persuaded the world of natural historians that providing every distinct organism with a name was not only the foundation of scientific understanding but also of the progress of human economy.
Subject/s: Evolution Science A few million years ago, we humans began to stand upright, altering our muscles and skeletons so that we could walk in an erect posture, which freed our hands to probe and manipulate the objects around us and extended the range of our gaze so that we could explore the far distance. But as we raised our stance, so too did our minds rise above those of other animals, allowing us to explore the world not just through eyesight but with our thoughts. We stand upright, but above all, we are thinkers.
Upstream EPUB: Click title to download Dan Heath 2020
Subject/s: Business Culture Psychology Systems Rather than spending resources on solving traditional system problems (working reactively downstream) the author argues (persuasively) we should be spending them on trying to prevent problems from happening (proactively upstream).
Subject/s: SVG Web Design Vector graphics for web design. Very comprehensive book on using SVG for web work. Data analysis, interaction, animation and dynamic styles. Chapters include basic SVG; authoring tools; markup for drawing; text; graphics; transformations; strokes and fills; arrows and line markers; clipping and masks; filters and blends; interaction; keyframe animation; scripting; best practices.
Subject/s: Biology Reference Biology is a visually oriented science. Van De Graaff's Photographic Atlas for the Biology Laboratory is intended to provide you with quality photographs of animals similar to those you may have the opportunity to observe in a biology laboratory. It is designed to accompany any biology text or laboratory manual you may be using in the classroom. In certain courses Van De Graaff's Photographic Atlas for the Biology Laboratory could serve as the laboratory manual. Numerous dissections of plants and invertebrate and vertebrate animals were completed and photographed in the preparation of this atlas. These images are included for those students who have the opportunity to do similar dissections as part of their laboratory requirement.
Subject/s: Mathematics This book is intended for readers who require an unsophisticated approach to vectors and matrices which they may read on their own or use in a classroom situation. Such readers may include teachers of 'modern' mathematics who wish to put their work with children into a wider framework, prospective university students wishing for a bridge between school and university algebra, and students at a college of education.
The basic knowledge required of the reader is a little two-dimensional coordinate geometry. The emphasis in the first half of the book is on geometry. Matrices are introduced through their association with geometry mappings. The second half of the book shows the importance of matrices in nongeometric situations, such as the theory of linear equations and eigenvector theory.
Vision PDF: Click title to read online Dowling, John E.; Dowling, Joseph L., Jr. 2016
Subject/s: Vision The visual system is arguably our best understood sensory system, and vision is our major sensory system. In this book we cover and relate basic information concerning visual mechanisms with various clinical abnormalities. We do this not only for the basic scientist or clinical specialist but also for a more general audience.
Subject/s: Computation Computer Science Python It may seem oxymoronic for a 'theory' course to take a 'practical' approach, but there is no contradiction here. In fact, students can gain a visceral understanding of theoretical ideas by manipulating real computer programs that exploit those ideas. Therefore, this book uses Python programs wherever possible, both for presenting examples of ideas and for proving some important results.
The primary application for the book is a one-semester under-graduate course on the theory of computation. Chapters include: What Can Be Computed; What Is A Computer Program; What Is A Computational Problem; Turing Machines; Universal Computer Programs; How To Prove A Problem Is Hard; Finite Automata; Complexity Theory; Poly And Expo; You Can't Prove Everything That's True.
Subject/s: Science A collection of common (or uncommon) questions answered, such as: Why doesn't soap work in salt water? Why is one side of my aluminum foil shinier than the other? What causes the film on the inside of my car windows? Not necessarily answered by Einstein.
Subject/s: Shell Scripting Shell scripts are an efficient way to interact with your machine and manage your files and system operations. With just a few lines of code, your computer will do exactly what you want it to do. But you can also use shell scripts for many other essential (and not-so-essential) tasks. Each chapter contains ready-to-use scripts and explanations of how they work, why you'd want to use them, and suggestions for changing and expanding them. You'll find a mix of classic favorites, like a disk backup utility that keeps your files safe when your system crashes, a password manager, a weather tracker, and several games, as well as 23 brand-new scripts.
Subject/s: Environmental Science Hundreds of years from now, what will historians view as today's most significant developments? For a long time I believed that the answer was 'discoveries in science and technology.' Later, though, it seemed to me that what was important was less the new knowledge than what it had enabled. This book is about 2 men, neither of which is well known to the public, yet one man has often been called the most important person born in that century, and the other is the principal founder of the most significant cultural and intellectual movement of that time.
Subject/s: Cryptology Joining the ranks of 'Hidden Figures' and 'In the Garden of Beasts', the incredible true story of the greatest codebreaking duo that ever lived, an American woman (Elizebeth Smith) and her husband (William Friedman), who invented the modern science of cryptology together and used it to confront the evils of their time, solving puzzles that unmasked Nazi spies and helped win World War II.
Subject/s: Reference Woodwork This book celebrates the joys of creating furniture. It provides a core grounding in the fundamental woodworking skills and techniques, and the use of both hand and power tools; it shows you how to set up a workshop that is compatible with your budget and space; it showcases a catalogue of the various types of timber available, and their individual working properties; and sets you achievable, yet challenging, projects.
Subject/s: Woodwork From the editors of Fine Woodworking comes this fine book on using hand-tools for working wood. It brings together contributions by masters of the craft who are also superb instructors. There's been an emphatic upsurge in hand-tool woodworking in recent years, and it's easy to understand why. Working wood with hand tools can be a pure pleasure.
Subject/s: Internet Security In November 2008, Phil Porras, then Program Director for SRI International in Menlo Park, California noticed a new computer worm. From there the book details how this worm started a whole new field of computer forensics dealing with malware. Technical and detailed, but very readable, the author describes several instances of malware but mostly about Conficker.
Subject/s: Knots Every day for a year, artist Windy Chien learned to tie a new kind of knot and then shared the results on Instagram. In "The Year of Knots", Chien describes how her knot-making project led her on a path of discovery. The book combines projects, tutorials, and transformative personal stories, all aimed at inspiring readers to make knotting - and creativity in general - part of a meditative daily practice.
Subject/s: Biology Medical Your body is a very odd place. It's at once mind-bogglingly complex, supremely adaptable, and hopelessly quirky. Often, it amazes. (For example, in the time you've spent reading this introduction, your body has created several million new cells to replace those that have just popped off.) Other times, it's somewhat less impressive. (Just try laughing while drinking a glass of milk.) But whether it's dazzling or disappointing, the human body ranks as the most remarkable machine you'll ever operate.
Subject/s: Business Internet Technology YouTube YouTube is the third most-visited website on the Internet, making it prime real estate for anyone seeking customers, celebrity, or education. If you want to harness this irresistible platform and reach a global platform, YouTube Channels For Dummies makes it easy. In no time, you'll have the know-how to create a YouTube channel with regular subscribers who watch, re-watch, and share your videos.